Reviews of topical problems

Superradiance: the principles of generation and implementation in lasers

 a,  a,  a,  a, b
a Federal Research Center Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Ulyanova 46, Nizhny Novgorod, 603000, Russian Federation
b Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA

The electrodynamics of active continuous media is used to theoretically examine collective spontaneous emission regimes of dipole oscillator ensembles. Recent experiments that observed the superfluorescence phenomenon are reviewed. The focus is on propagation and interaction effects experienced by the inhomogeneous waves of active centers' polarization and electromagnetic field. The superradiant laser dynamics are examined and prospects for realization of superradiant lasers using low-Q cavities are discussed.

Fulltext is available at IOP
Keywords: collective spontaneous emission, Dicke superradiance, coherent processes, mode selection, multimode lasers
PACS: 32.50.+d, 32.80.Qk, 42.50.Nn, 42.55.−f (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2017.03.038098
Citation: Kocharovsky V V, Zheleznyakov V V, Kocharovskaya E R, Kocharovsky V V "Superradiance: the principles of generation and implementation in lasers" Phys. Usp. 60 345–384 (2017)
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Received: 3rd, March 2017, 9th, March 2017

Оригинал: Кочаровский В В, Железняков В В, Кочаровская Е Р, Кочаровский В В «Сверхизлучение: принципы генерации и реализация в лазерах» УФН 187 367–410 (2017); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2017.03.038098

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