Reviews of topical problems

Dissipative solitons in fiber lasers

 a, b,  c, d,  a, e,  a, e,  d,  a, e,  a, e
a Novosibirsk State University, ul. Pirogova2, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
b Aston Institute of Photonic Technologies, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham, B4 7ET, United Kingdom
c S I Vavilov State Optical Institute, Birzhevaya liniya 12, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation
d ITMO University, Kronverksky Pr. 49, bldg. A, St.Petersburg, 197101, Russian Federation
e Institute of Computational Technologies of SB RAS, prosp. Akad. Lavrenteva 6, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation

Dissipative solitons (also known as auto-solitons) are stable, nonlinear, time- or space-localized solitary waves which occur due to balance between energy excitation and dissipation. This paper reviews the theory of dissipative solitons as applied to fiber laser systems. The discussion context includes the classical Ginzburg—Landau and Maxwell—Bloch equations and their modifications allowing the description of laser-resonator-produced waves. Practical examples of laser systems generating dissipative solitons are discussed.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2015.12.037674
Keywords: dissipative solitons, optical solitons, fiber lasers, mode-locked lasers, generation of short pulses
PACS: 05.45.Yv, 42.55.Ah, 42.55.−f, 42.55.Wd, 42.60.Fc, 42.65.Tg, 42.81.Dp (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2015.12.037674
Citation: Turitsyn S K, Rozanov N N, Yarutkina I A, Bednyakova A E, Fedorov S V, Shtyrina O V, Fedoruk M P "Dissipative solitons in fiber lasers" Phys. Usp. 59 642–668 (2016)
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Received: 23rd, November 2015, 23rd, December 2015

:   ,   ,   ,   , Ը  ,   ,    « » 186 713–742 (2016); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2015.12.037674

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