Demands for miniaturization, increase in operation speed, and energy efficiency of electronic devices have led to the emergence and rapid development of spin electronics, or spintronics. We review several areas in experimental and theoretical studies that have noticeable contributions from Ioffe Institute researchers. We also discuss the progress in developing semiconductor and hybrid structures that exhibit specified magnetic properties, development of methods for manipulating individual spins, theoretical description of switching of metallic heterostructures magnetization by an electric field, and ultrafast control of magnetization by means of manipulating the magnetic anisotropy by femtosecond laser pulses.
Keywords: spin polarization, spin transport, ferromagnetic proximity effect, optically detected magnetic resonance, laser-induced ultrafast magnetization dynamics, single spins, spin reorientation transitions, magnetic anisotropy, diluted magnetic semiconductors, ferromagnets, ferrimagnets PACS:75.30.Kz, 75.50.Bb, 75.50.Gg, 75.76.+j, 75.78.Jp, 76.70.Hb, 78.30.Fs, 78.55.Et, 85.75.−d (all) DOI:10.3367/UFNe.2018.11.038486 URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2019/8/d/ Citation: Baranov P G, Kalashnikova A M, Kozub V I, Korenev V L, Kusrayev Yu G, Pisarev R V, Sapega V F, Akimov I A, Bayer M, Scherbakov A V, Yakovlev D R "Spintronics of semiconductor, metallic, dielectric, and hybrid structures (100th anniversary of the Ioffe Institute)" Phys. Usp.62 795–822 (2019)