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Surface-plasma method for the production of negative ion beams

  a, b
a Novosibirsk State University, ul. Pirogova 2, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
b Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prosp. akad. Lavrenteva 11, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation

Increased interest in development of negative ions sources is related to the emergence of important applications of negative-ion beams. The list of those applications includes primarily tandem accelerators, including high-energy implantation and accelerator-based mass spectrometry, supercollimated beams, charge-exchange injection into cyclic accelerators and storage rings, charge-exchange extraction of beams from cyclotron, high-energy neutrals in plasma systems, charge-exchange of beams distribution, etc. Development of the sources of negative ions and their usage in academic research and industry are reviewed. Physical bases and designs of surface-plasma sources of negative ions alongside the history of their development are presented.

Keywords: surface-plasma method, surface-plasma source, work function, negative ions, cesium, RF discharge
PACS: 01.65.+g, 29.25.Ni, 52.80.Pi (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2019.04.038558
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2019/12/d/
Citation: Dudnikov V G "Surface-plasma method for the production of negative ion beams" Phys. Usp. 62 1233–1267 (2019)
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Received: 28th, February 2018, revised: 16th, February 2019, 17th, April 2019

Оригинал: Дудников В Г «Поверхностно-плазменный метод получения пучков отрицательных ионов» УФН 189 1315–1351 (2019); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2019.04.038558

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