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2014

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Instruments and methods of investigation


Exhaled breath analysis: physical methods, instruments and medical diagnostics

 a, b,  a, b,  a, b,  a, b
a Institute for Physics of Microstructures, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Ul'yanova 46, Nizhnii Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation
b Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod (National Research University), prosp. Gagarina 23, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation

This paper reviews the analysis of exhaled breath, a rapidly growing field in noninvasive medical diagnostics which is the intersection of physics, chemistry and medicine. Current data are presented on gas markers in human breath and how they are related to human diseases. Various physical methods for breath analysis are described. It is shown how measurement precision and data volume requirements have stimulated technological developments and identified the problems that need to be solved to put this method into clinical practice.

Text can be downloaded in Russian. English translation is available here.
Fulltext: pdf (801 KB)
PACS: 07.07.Df, 07.57.Pt, 33.20.−t, 87.85.Ox (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0184.201407d.0739
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2014/7/c/
Citation: Vaks V L, Domracheva E G, Sobakinskaya E A, Chernyaeva M B "Exhaled breath analysis: physical methods, instruments and medical diagnostics" Phys. Usp. 57 684–701 (2014)
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Received: 8th, May 2013, revised: 11th, October 2013, 20th, December 2013

Оригинал: Вакс В Л, Домрачева Е Г, Собакинская Е А, Черняева М Б «Анализ выдыхаемого воздуха: физические методы, приборы и медицинская диагностика» УФН 184 739–758 (2014); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0184.201407d.0739

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