From the history of physics

V A Fock and gauge symmetry

Russian Federation State Scientific Center A.I. Alikhanov Institute ofTheoretical and Experimental Physics, ul. Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya 25, Moscow, 117259, Russian Federation

V A Fock, in 1926, was the first to have the idea of an Abelian gradient transformation and to discover that the electromagnetic interaction of charged particles has a gradient invariance in the framework of quantum mechanics. These transformation and invariance were respectively named Eichtransformation and Eichinvarianz by H Weyl in 1929 (the German verb zu eichen means to gauge). The first non-Abelian gauge theory was suggested by O. Klein in 1938, and in 1954, C N Yang and R L Mills rediscovered the non-Abelian gauge symmetry. Gauge invariance is the underlying principle of the current Standard Model of strong and electroweak interactions.

Fulltext is available at IOP
PACS: 01.65.+g, 11.15.−q, 11.30.−j (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0180.201008g.0871
Citation: Okun L B "V A Fock and gauge symmetry" Phys. Usp. 53 835–837 (2010)
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:    «..   » 180 871–873 (2010); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0180.201008g.0871

V.A. Fok is author of Physics-Uspekhi

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