Instruments and methods of investigation

Three-dimensional fluorescence nanoscopy of single quantum emitters based on the optics of spiral light beams

 a, b,  c,  c,  d, a,  c,  d, a, e, b
a Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp. 53, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
b Institute of Spectroscopy, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Fizicheskaya 5, Troitsk, Moscow, 108840, Russian Federation
c Samara Branch of the P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novo-Sadovaya str. 221, Samara, 443011, Russian Federation
d Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (National Research University), Institutskii per. 9, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region, 141701, Russian Federation
e Moscow State Pedagogical University, M. Pirogovskay, 1, Moscow, 119435, Russian Federation

Far-field superresolution fluorescence microscopy (nanoscopy), awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2014, has become one of the most powerful tools in multidisciplinary applications of photonics. In this paper, we discuss the technique of three-dimensional nanoscopy with the detection of transformed fluorescence images of single quantum emitters (using the example of semiconductor colloidal quantum dots, QDs). Nanoscale spatial resolution when reconstructing all three coordinates of single QDs is achieved by the instrumental modification of the point spread function using highly efficient light phase spatial modulators (diffractive optical elements, DOEs). DOE phase distributions, which ensure the formation of two-lobe light fields (with rotation of the intensity distribution during light propagation), were obtained on the basis of the optics of spiral light beams. The question of calculating DOEs that provide the best conversion efficiency of light beams is discussed. Theoretical and experimental analyses of the accuracy of the method were carried out depending on the experimental parameters: QD photoluminescence intensity, signal acquisition time, laser excitation power, and the instrumental function of the microscope objective. It is shown that, for the studied CdSeS/ZnS QDs, the accuracy of determining the coordinates can reach values of ∼ 10 nm at exposure times of ∼ 100 ms.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2021.05.038982
Keywords: luminescence, microscopy, nanoscopy, diffraction limit, spatial resolution, single molecule, quantum dot, point spread function, adaptive optics, diffractive optical element, Laguerre—Gauss modes, spiral beams, double-helix point spread function, DHPSF, quantum optics, nanodiagnostics, sensorics
PACS: 42.79.−e, 78.55.−m, 78.67.Hc (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2021.05.038982
Citation: Eremchev I Yu, Prokopova D V, Losevskii N N, Mynzhasarov I T, Kotova S P, Naumov A V "Three-dimensional fluorescence nanoscopy of single quantum emitters based on the optics of spiral light beams" Phys. Usp. 65 617–626 (2022)
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Received: 10th, March 2021, 3rd, May 2021

Оригинал: Ерёмчев И Ю, Прокопова Д В, Лосевский Н Н, Мынжасаров И Т, Котова С П, Наумов А В «Трёхмерная флуоресцентная наноскопия одиночных квантовых излучателей на основе оптики спиральных пучков света» УФН 192 663–673 (2022); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2021.05.038982

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