In memory of Vladimir Evgen'evich Fortov. Reviews of topical problems

Plasma phase transition

  a, b, c,   a, b, c
a Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (National Research University), Institutskii per. 9, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region, 141701, Russian Federation
b Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Izhorskaya 13/19, Moscow, 127412, Russian Federation
c HSE University, ul. Myasnitskaya 20, Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation

Recently developed experimental methods for the generation and diagnostics of nonideal plasma and warm dense matter are reviewed. Modern theoretical methods applied to solve the problem of fluid—fluid phase transitions, including the plasma phase transition, are considered. Quantum simulation methods and the results obtained in the chemical model of plasma are analyzed. Particular attention is paid to the phase transition in warm dense hydrogen/deuterium at high pressures. Results for helium, aluminum, cesium, cerium, ionic, and exciton plasmas and some other substances are also considered.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2021.07.039004
Keywords: plasma phase transition, nonideal plasma, warm dense matter, fluid—fluid phase transition
PACS: 31.15.E−, 52.25.Mq, 52.50.Lp, 52.65.−y, 64.70.Ja, 71.15.Mb (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2021.07.039004
Citation: Norman H E, Saitov I M "Plasma phase transition" Phys. Usp. 64 1094–1124 (2021)
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Received: 26th, November 2020, revised: 22nd, July 2021, 6th, July 2021

Оригинал: Норман Г Э, Саитов И М «Плазменный фазовый переход» УФН 191 1153–1186 (2021); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2021.07.039004

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