Issues

 / 

2014

 / 

April

  

100th anniversary of the birth of Ya.B. Zeldovich


CMB spectral distortions during the recombination of the primeval plasma in the early Universe

,
Astro Space Centre, Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Profsoyuznaya 84/32, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

Virtually all physical processes occurring during hydrogen and helium recombination $(900 < z < 7000)$ are currently well understood. The theoretical work of the last decade on this topic provides a comprehensive picture of recombination and related processes. Of particular observational interest is the fact that the CMB spectrum experiences a unique distortion from the blackbody due to the release of photons during this epoch. These additional photons form a cosmological recombination spectrum imposed on thermal CMB spectrum. The recombination dynamics of hydrogen is controlled by two processes — the two-photon decay $\rm 2s\to 1s$ and the L$_{\alpha} $ photon escape due to multiple scattering in an expanding medium — of which the first process is dominant. About 57% of all hydrogen atoms in the Universe at $z \lesssim 1400$ recombined through two-photon decay channel. Because the ratio of CMB photon and baryon number densities is extremely large, the additional photons make only a small fraction of the total amount, so that their distorting effect of the CMB spectrum is small. Of most promise for future observations are relative distortions in the Rayleigh—Jeans range of the CMB spectrum (the decimeter range). For example, at 300 MHz, relative intensity distortions of the order of $10^{-8}-10^{-9}$ are expected. The Balmer and Paschen hydrogen series fall into the range of maximum CMB. In the Wien range, observations will be strongly hampered — and indeed made impossible — by the infrared and submillimeter cosmic background. It is not possible yet — given the current level of instrumentation — to measure small ($10^{-8}$) distortions near the maximum. Some researchers believe, however, that an accuracy of $\sim 10$ nK can soon be achieved. Because the CMB spectrum does not depend on the direction, any region of the sky can be chosen for observation, it being desirable that the contribution of various cosmic backgrounds and noises be minimal there (for example, near the Galactic pole). It is also essential that the signal sought for should be nonpolarized in order that it could be separated from signals from other sources.

Fulltext is available at IOP
PACS: 52.40.Db, 98.70.Vc, 98.80.Es (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0184.201404f.0423
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2014/4/g/
Citation: Kurt V G, Shakhvorostova N N "CMB spectral distortions during the recombination of the primeval plasma in the early Universe" Phys. Usp. 57 389–406 (2014)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS)MedlineRefWorks

Received: 3rd, March 2014, 11th, March 2014

Оригинал: Курт В Г, Шахворостова Н Н «Искажения спектра реликтового излучения при рекомбинации первичной плазмы в ранней Вселенной» УФН 184 423–443 (2014); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0184.201404f.0423

References (95) ↓ Cited by (6) Similar articles (3)

  1. Lukash V N, Mikheeva E V Fizicheskaya Kosmologiya (M.: Fizmatlit, 2010)
  2. Lukash V N, Mikheeva E V, Malinovskii A M Usp. Fiz. Nauk 181 1017 (2011); Lukash V N, Mikheeva E V, Malinovsky A M Phys. Usp. 54 983 (2011)
  3. Doroshkevich A G, Lukash V N, Mikheeva E V Usp. Fiz. Nauk 182 3 (2012); Doroshkevich A G, Lukash V N, Mikheeva E V Phys. Usp. 55 3 (2012)
  4. Gurbatov S N, Saichev A I, Shandarin S F Usp. Fiz. Nauk 182 233 (2012); Gurbatov S N, Saichev A I, Shandarin S F Phys. Usp. 55 223 (2012)
  5. Berezinskii V S, Dokuchaev V I, Eroshenko Yu N Usp. Fiz. Nauk 184 3 (2014); Berezinsky V S, Dokuchaev V I, Eroshenko Yu N Phys. Usp. 57 1 (2014)
  6. Zel’dovich Ya B, Kurt V G, Syunyaev R A Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 55 278 (1968); Zel’dovich Ya B, Kurt V G, Syunyaev R A Sov. Phys. JETP 28 146 (1969)
  7. Zel’dovich Ya B, Syunyaev R A Astrophys. Space Sci. 4 285 (1969); Zeldovich Ya B, Sunyaev R A Astrophys. Space Sci. 4 301 (1969)
  8. Sunyaev R A, Zeldovich Ya B Astrophys. Space Sci. 7 20 (1970)
  9. Peebles P J E Astrophys. J. 153 1 (1968)
  10. Zel’dovich Ya B, Novikov I D Stroenie i Evolyutsiya Vselennoi (M.: Nauka, 1975); Zel’dovich Ya B, Novikov I D Usp. Fiz. Nauk 84 377 (1964); Zel’dovich Ya B, Novikov I D Sov. Phys. Usp. 7 763 (1965); Zel’dovich Ya B, Novikov I D Usp. Fiz. Nauk 86 447 (1965); Zel’dovich Ya B, Novikov I D Sov. Phys. Usp. 8 522 (1966)
  11. Ade P A R et al. (Planck Collab.) arXiv:1303.5076
  12. Cherepashchuk A M Usp. Fiz. Nauk 183 535 (2013); Cherepashchuk A M Phys. Usp. 56 509 (2013)
  13. Gliner E B Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 49 542 (1966); Gliner E B Sov. Phys. JETP 22 378 (1966)
  14. Gliner E B Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 192 771 (1970); Gliner É B Sov. Phys. Dokl. 15 559 (1970)
  15. Gliner E B, Dymnikova I G Pis’ma Astron. Zhurn. 1 7 (1975); Gliner É B, Dymnikova I G Sov. Astron. Lett. 1 93 (1975)
  16. Gliner E B Usp. Fiz. Nauk 172 221 (2002); Gliner É B Phys. Usp. 45 213 (2002)
  17. Starobinskii A A Pis’ma ZhETF 30 719 (1979); Starobinskii A A JETP Lett. 30 682 (1979)
  18. Starobinsky A A Phys. Lett. B 91 99 (1980)
  19. Linde A D Phys. Lett. B 108 389 (1982)
  20. Linde A D Fizika Elementarnykh Chastits i Inflyatsionnaya Kosmologiya (M.: Nauka, 1990); Linde A Particle Physics And Inflationary Cosmology (Chur: Harwood Acad. Publ., 1990)
  21. Guth A H Phys. Rev. D 23 347 (1981)
  22. Lukash V N, Mikheeva E V, Strokov V N Usp. Fiz. Nauk 182 216 (2012); Lukash V N, Mikheeva E V, Strokov V N Phys. Usp. 55 204 (2012)
  23. Lukash V N, Mikheeva E V, Strokov V N Usp. Fiz. Nauk 182 894 (2012); Lukash V N, Mikheeva E V, Strokov V N Phys. Usp. 55 831 (2012)
  24. Bolotin Yu L, Erokhin D A, Lemets O A Usp. Fiz. Nauk 182 941 (2012); Bolotin Yu L, Erokhin D A, Lemets O A Phys. Usp. 55 876 (2012)
  25. Chernin A D Usp. Fiz. Nauk 183 741 (2013); Chernin A D Phys. Usp. 56 704 (2013)
  26. Gamow G Phys. Rev. 70 572 (1946)
  27. Chernin A D Usp. Fiz. Nauk 164 889 (1994); Chernin A D Phys. Usp. 37 813 (1994)
  28. Nasel’skii P D, Novikov D I, Novikov I D Reliktovoe Izluchenie Vselennoi (M.: Nauka, 2003)
  29. Penzias A A, Wilson R W Astrophys. J. 142 419 (1965)
  30. Dicke R H et al. Astrophys. J. 142 414 (1965)
  31. Doroshkevich A G, Novikov I D Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 154 809 (1964); Doroshkevich A G, Novikov I D Sov. Phys. Dokl. 9 111 (1964)
  32. McKellar A Publ. Dominion Observ. Ottawa 7 15 (1941)
  33. Shmaonov T A Pribory Tekhnika Eksperimenta (1) 83 (1957)
  34. Hu W Observing Dark Energy, Proc. of a Meeting, 18 - 20 March 2004, Tucson, Arizona, USA (ASP Conf. Series) Vol. 339 (Eds S C Wolff, T R Lauer) (San Francisco: Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 2005) p. 215; Hu W astro-ph/0407158
  35. Sachs R K, Wolfe A M Astrophys. J. 147 73 (1967)
  36. Silk J Astrophys. J. 151 459 (1968)
  37. Sunyaev R A, Zeldovich Ya B Astrophys. Space Sci. 7 3 (1970)
  38. Hu W, Dodelson S Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 40 171 (2002)
  39. Smoot G F et al. Astrophys. J. Lett. 396 L1 (1992)
  40. Strukov I A i dr. Pis’ma Astron. Zhurn. 13 163 (1987); Strukov I A et al. Sov. Astron. Lett. 13 65 (1987)
  41. Strukov I A et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 258 37P (1992)
  42. Fixsen D J, Mather J C Astrophys. J. 581 817 (2002)
  43. Smoot G F, Scott D "Cosmic background radiation" (2000) http://www.astro.ubc.ca/people/scott/cbr_review.ps; Smoot G F, Scott D Eur. Phys. J. C 15 145 (2000)
  44. Hu W arXiv:0802.3688
  45. Mather J C et al. Astrophys. J. 420 439 (1994)
  46. Danese L, De Zotti G Astron. Astrophys. 107 39 (1982)
  47. Fixsen D J et al. Astrophys. J. 473 576 (1996)
  48. Zel’dovich Ya B, Syunyaev R A Pis’ma Astron. Zhurn. 6 545 (1980); Zeldovich Ya B, Syunyaev R A Sov. Astron. Lett. 6 285 (1980)
  49. Carlstrom J E, Holder G P, Reese E D Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 40 643 (2002)
  50. Dubrovich V K Pis’ma Astron. Zhurn. 1 (10) 3 (1975); Dubrovich V K Sov. Astron. Lett. 1 196 (1975)
  51. Dubrovich V K, Stolyarov V A Astron. Astrophys. 302 635 (1995)
  52. Bernshtein I N, Bernshtein D N, Dubrovich V K Astron. Zhurn. 54 727 (1977); Bernshtein I N, Bernshtein D N, Dubrovich V K Sov. Astron. 21 409 (1977)
  53. Boschan P, Biltzinger P Astron. Astrophys. 336 1 (1998)
  54. Dubrovich V K, Shakhvorostova N N Pis’ma Astron. Zhurn. 30 563 (2004); Dubrovich V K, Shakhvorostova N N Astron. Lett. 30 509 (2004)
  55. Dubrovich V K, Grachev S I Pis’ma Astron. Zhurn. 30 723 (2004); Dubrovich V K, Grachev S I Astron. Lett. 30 657 (2004)
  56. Rubiño-Martín J A, Hernández-Monteagudo C, Sunyaev R A Astron. Astrophys. 438 461 (2005)
  57. Kholupenko E E, Ivanchik A V, Varshalovich D A Grav. Cosmology 11 161 (2005)
  58. Rubiño-Martín J A, Chluba J, Sunyaev R A Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 371 1939 (2006); Rubiño-Martín J A, Chluba J, Sunyaev R A astro-ph/0607373
  59. Wong W Y, Seager S, Scott D Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 367 1666 (2006)
  60. Chluba J, Sunyaev R A Astron. Astrophys. 458 L29 (2006); Chluba J, Sunyaev R A astro-ph/0608120
  61. Chluba J, Rubiño-Martín J A, Sunyaev R A Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 374 1310 (2007); Chluba J, Rubiño-Martín J A, Sunyaev R A astro-ph/0608242
  62. Chluba J, Sunyaev R A Astron. Astrophys. 475 109 (2007)
  63. Rubiño-Martín J A, Chluba J, Sunyaev R A Astron. Astrophys. 485 377 (2008)
  64. Burgin M S Astron. Zhurn. 80 771 (2003); Burgin M S Astron. Rep. 47 709 (2003)
  65. Seager S, Sasselov D D, Scott D Astrophys. J. Suppl. 128 407 (2000)
  66. Seager S, Sasselov D D, Scott D Astrophys. J. 523 L1 (1999)
  67. Sobolev V V Dvizhushchiesya Obolochki Zvezd (L.: Izd-vo Leningr. gos. ordena Lenina un-ta, 1947); Sobolev V V Moving Envelopes Of Stars (Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1960)
  68. Grachev S I, Dubrovich V K Astrofizika 34 249 (1991); Grachev S I, Dubrovich V K Astrophysics 34 124 (1991)
  69. Dubrovich V K Optika Spektroskopiya 63 439 (1987); Dubrovich V K Opt. Spectrosc. 63 256 (1987)
  70. Dubrovich V K, Grachev S I Pis’ma Astron. Zhurn. 31 403 (2005); Dubrovich V K, Grachev S I Astron. Lett. 31 359 (2005)
  71. Chluba J, Sunyaev R A Astron. Astrophys. 480 629 (2008); Chluba J, Sunyaev R A arXiv:0705.3033
  72. Wong W Y, Moss A, Scott D Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 386 1023 (2008)
  73. Matsuda T, Satō H, Takeda H Prog. Theor. Phys. 42 219 (1969)
  74. Hirata C M, Switzer E R Phys. Rev. D 77 083007 (2008)
  75. Wong W Y, Scott D Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 375 1441 (2007)
  76. Kholupenko E E, Ivanchik A V, Varshalovich D A Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 378 L39 (2007); Kholupenko E E, Ivanchik A V, Varshalovich D A astro-ph/0703438
  77. Kholupenko E E, Ivanchik A V, Varshalovich D A Pis’ma Astron. Zhurn. 34 803 (2008); Kholupenko E E, Ivanchik A V, Varshalovich D A Astron. Lett. 34 725 (2008)
  78. Switzer E R, Hirata C M Phys. Rev. D 77 083006 (2008)
  79. Fendt W A et al. Astrophys. J. Suppl. 181 627 (2009)
  80. Grin D, Hirata C M Phys. Rev. D 81 083005 (2010)
  81. Ali-Haïmoud Y, Hirata C M Phys. Rev. D 83 043513 (2011); Ali-Haïmoud Y, Hirata C M arXiv:1011.3758
  82. Chluba J, Thomas R M Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 412 748 (2011); Chluba J, Thomas R M arXiv:1010.3631
  83. Chluba J, Thomas R M "CosmoRec: Cosmological Recombination code" Astrophysics Source Code Library record ascl:1304.017; Chluba J, Thomas R M http://asterisk.apod.com/wp/?page_id=12
  84. Kholupenko E E et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 417 2417 (2011); Kholupenko E E et al. arXiv:1104.3050
  85. Burgin M S "Biblioteka SPDCBR dlya rascheta kosmologicheskogo rekombinatsionnogo spektra" ftp://ftp.asc.rssi.ru/outgoing/spdcbr/
  86. Burgin M S Kratkie Soobshch. Po Fiz. FIAN 36 (4) 26 (2009); Burgin M S Bull. Lebedev Phys. Inst. 36 110 (2009)
  87. Burgin M S Kratkie Soobshch. Po Fiz. FIAN 37 (9) 30 (2010); Burgin M S Bull. Lebedev Phys. Inst. 37 280 (2010)
  88. Chluba J, Sunyaev R A Astron. Astrophys. 446 39 (2006)
  89. Kholupenko E E, Ivanchik A V Pis’ma Astron. Zhurn. 32 883 (2006); Kholupenko E E, Ivanchik A V Astron. Lett. 32 795 (2006)
  90. Grachev S I, Dubrovich V K Pis’ma Astron. Zhurn. 34 483 (2008); Grachev S I, Dubrovich V K Astron. Lett. 34 439 (2008)
  91. Burgin M S, Kauts V L, Shakhvorostova N N Pis’ma Astron. Zhurn. 32 563 (2006); Burgin M S, Kauts V L, Shakhvorostova N N Astron. Lett. 32 507 (2006)
  92. Karshenboim S G, Ivanov V G Pis’ma Astron. Zhurn. 34 323 (2008); Karshenboim S G, Ivanov V G Astron. Lett. 34 289 (2008)
  93. Kholupenko E E, Ivanchik A V, Varshalovich D A Phys. Rev. D 81 083004 (2010)
  94. Chluba J, Sunyaev R A Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 402 1221 (2010)
  95. Henry R C Astrophys. J. 516 L49 (1999)

© 1918–2021 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk
Email: ufn@ufn.ru Editorial office contacts About the journal Terms and conditions