Inflationary universe and the vacuumlike state of physical medium
This paper reviews two cosmologies which assume that the observable universe was initially vacuumlike (i.e., the cosmological medium was Lorentz invariant). In the earlier
nonsingular Friedmann cosmology, the Friedmann universe comes into being during the phase transition of an initial vacuumlike state to the state of ’ordinary’ matter. In the course of this transition, the emerging matter is accelerated, which causes the universe to expand and attain the Friedmann expansion regime. In the inflationary cosmology, the transition to the Friedmann universe is preceded by an epoch of inflation in which the universe grows spontaneously by many tens of orders of
magnitude without or almost without changes in its composition and density. The idea of inflation gives rise to a variety of scenarios involving a cosmological singularity, or the birth of one universe within another, or the world-as-a-whole as an
infinite set of universes, etc. The present paper provides arguments against the inflation idea. On dismissing it, both cosmologies are essentially identical from the viewpoint of their application to the observable universe.