Reviews of topical problems

Magnetohydrodynamic models of astrophysical jets

Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp. 53, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

In this review, analytical results obtained for a wide class of stationary axisymmetric flows in the vicinity of compact astrophysical objects are analyzed, with an emphasis on quantitative predictions for specific sources. Recent years have witnessed a great increase in understanding the formation and properties of astrophysical jets. This is due not only to new observations but also to advances in analytical theory which has produced fairly simple relations, and to what can undoubtedly be called a breakthrough in numerical simulation which has enabled confirmation of theoretical predictions. Of course, we are still very far from fully understanding the physical processes occurring in compact sources. Nevertheless, the progress made raises hopes for near-future test observations that can give insight into the physical processes occurring in active astrophysical objects.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0180.201012b.1241
PACS: 95.30.Qd, 97.60.Gb, 97.60.Lf, 98.62.Nx (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0180.201012b.1241
Citation: Beskin V S "Magnetohydrodynamic models of astrophysical jets" Phys. Usp. 53 1199–1233 (2010)
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Оригинал: Бескин В С «Магнитогидродинамические модели астрофизических струйных выбросов» УФН 180 1241–1278 (2010); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0180.201012b.1241

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