Reviews of topical problems

Search for black holes

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Shternberg State Astronomical Institute, Universitetskii prosp. 13, Moscow, 119889, Russian Federation

Methods and results of searching for stellar mass black holes in binary systems and for supermassive black holes in galactic nuclei of different types are described. As of now (June 2002), a total of 100 black hole candidates are known. All the necessary conditions Einstein’s General Relativity imposes on the observational properties of black holes are satisfied for candidate objects available, thus further assuring the existence of black holes in the Universe. Prospects for obtaining sufficient criteria for reliably distinguishing candidate black holes from real black holes are discussed.

Text can be downloaded in Russian. English translation is available on IOP Science.
PACS: 04.70.−s, 97.60.Lf, 98.35.Jk (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU2003v046n04ABEH001282
Citation: Cherepashchuk A M "Search for black holes" Phys. Usp. 46 335–371 (2003)
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:    « » 173 345–384 (2003); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0173.200304a.0345

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