Reviews of topical problems

Birth and life of massive black holes

The problems of massive black holes in galactic nuclei of different types are reviewed. The dynamical evolution of compact star systems ends naturally in a gigantic concentrated mass of gas, containing an admixture of surviving stars, that unavoidably collapses into a black hole. The subsequent joint evolution of the remnant star system with a massive black hole at the center leads either to the phenomenon of a bright central source in the nuclei of active galaxies and quasars or to the opposite case of a "dead" frozen black hole in the nucleus of a normal galaxy.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.1070/PU1991v034n06ABEH002383
PACS: 98.62.Js, 98.54.Cm, 98.54.Aj, 97.80.−d, 97.10.Bt, 97.10.Cv (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU1991v034n06ABEH002383
Citation: Dokuchaev V I "Birth and life of massive black holes" Sov. Phys. Usp. 34 (6) 447–470 (1991)
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Оригинал: Докучаев В И «Рождение и жизнь массивных черных дыр» УФН 161 (6) 1–52 (1991); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0161.199106a.0001

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