Reviews of topical problems

Sorption properties of carbon nanostructures

National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, pl. akad. Kurchatova 1, Moscow, 123182, Russian Federation

The current status of research in sorption properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is reviewed. The structural peculiarities of CNTs, determining their sorption characteristics, are considered. The mechanisms of sorption of gaseous and condensed substances by such structures are analyzed. Special attention is paid to the problem of using CNTs for storing hydrogen and other gaseous substances. Methods for filling CNTs with liquid materials, based on capillary phenomena and wetting the graphite surface of the CNT with liquids of various nature, are considered. Properties of ’peapods’ formed as a result of filling single-walled CNTs with fullerene molecules are reviewed. Also considered are perspectives on the applied usage of the sorption properties of CNTs in electrochemical and fuel cells, and material storage devices, as well as for producing superminiature metallic conductors.

Fulltext is available at IOP
PACS: 61.46.+w, 68.43.−h, 81.07.De (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU2004v047n11ABEH002017
Citation: Eletskii A V "Sorption properties of carbon nanostructures" Phys. Usp. 47 1119–1154 (2004)
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:    « » 174 1191–1231 (2004); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0174.200411c.1191

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