Reviews of topical problems

Carbon nanotubes and their emission properties

National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, pl. akad. Kurchatova 1, Moscow, 123182, Russian Federation

The current methods of synthesis and investigation of carbon nanotubes are reviewed. The interconnection between structural peculiarities and electronic characteristics of carbon nanotubes has been studied. The recently developed methods of growth of similar nanotubes with pre-assigned characteristics are described. The development of these methods offers the possibility of mass production and application of relevant devices. The phenomenon of electron field emission from carbon nanotubes and possibilities of its usage in flat panel displays, gas discharge devices, etc. is analyzed. Prospects and real achievements in the area of application of nanotubes as cold electron emission sources are discussed.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.1070/PU2002v045n04ABEH001033
PACS: 73.22.−f, 73.63.Fg, 81.07.De (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU2002v045n04ABEH001033
Citation: Eletskii A V "Carbon nanotubes and their emission properties" Phys. Usp. 45 369–402 (2002)
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:    «    » 172 401–438 (2002); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0172.200204b.0401

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