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Quantum optics of quantum emitters in the near field of a nanoparticle

  a, b,   c, b
a Lomonosov Moscow State University, Department of Physics, Leninskie Gory 1 build. 2, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
b National Research University Higher School of Economics, ul. Myasnitskaya 20, Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation
c Institute of Spectroscopy, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Fizicheskaya 5, Troitsk, Moscow, 108840, Russian Federation

This review is devoted to studies of quantum optics effects for quantum emitters (QEs) in the near field of nanoparticles (NPs). In the simple model of a two-level QE located near a plasmon NP, we analyze the mechanisms for modifying the radiative and nonradiative decay rates and discuss the distribution of the near-field intensity and polarization around the NP. This distribution has a complex structure, being significantly dependent on the polarization of the external radiation field and on the parameters of NP plasmon resonances. The quantum optics effects in the system (NP+QE+external laser field) are analyzed, including the near-field modification of the resonance fluorescence spectrum of a QE, the bunching/antibunching effects and photon quantum statistics effects in the spectrum, the formation of squeezed light states, and quantum entangled states in such systems.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2021.02.038944
Keywords: nanophotonics, nanoplasmonics, nanostructure, quantum emitter, two-level system, quantum optics, resonance fluorescence, antibunching and quantum statistics of photons, squeezed states, quantum entangled states
PACS: 42.50.−p, 42.79.−e, 78.67.−n (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2021.02.038944
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2022/3/c/
000834747900003
2-s2.0-85131119359
2022PhyU...65..245V
Citation: Vladimirova Yu V, Zadkov V N "Quantum optics of quantum emitters in the near field of a nanoparticle" Phys. Usp. 65 245–269 (2022)
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Received: 19th, August 2020, revised: 13th, January 2021, 26th, February 2021

:   ,    « » 192 267–293 (2022); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2021.02.038944

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