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Conferences and symposia. Forum "USPEKHI-2021": Climate change and global energy issues


Solving scientific problems of nuclear power engineering as a source of 'green' energy

  a, b
a Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii prospekt, 14, Moscow, 117901, Russian Federation
b Department of Chemistry, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119992, Russian Federation

A way to prevent adverse global climatic change is to essentially alter the strategy of power generation, which is one of the major sources of greenhouse gases. A task of paramount economic importance is to ensure a balance among various energy sources, depending on the social economical features of a particular region. Major industrial regions cannot develop without highly concentrated energy sources, among which nuclear energy is actually the only 'green' one. However, progress in the nuclear power generation industry and an increase in its share in the total power generation both in Russia and worldwide depend on solving challenging scientific and technological problems related to safe processing of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive wastes. An urgent task is to develop a next-generation nuclear power industry based on a combination of thermal- and fast-neutron reactors, recycling of fissile nuclides, deep fractioning of radioactive wastes with subsequent 'afterburning' of long-lived radionuclides, and minimizing deep disposal in geological formations.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2022.10.039256
Keywords: nuclear power generation industry, recycling of fissile nuclides, balanced nuclear fuel cycle, fractioning of radioactive wastes
PACS: 28.41.Kw, 28.41.Vx, 92.70.Mn (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2022.10.039256
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2022/11/h/
Citation: Kalmykov S N "Solving scientific problems of nuclear power engineering as a source of 'green' energy" Phys. Usp. 65 1188–1192 (2022)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS)MedlineRefWorks
@article{Kalmykov:2022,
	author = {S. N. Kalmykov},
	title = {Solving scientific problems of nuclear power engineering as a source of 'green' energy},
	publisher = {Physics-Uspekhi},
	year = {2022},
	journal = {Phys. Usp.},
	volume = {65},
	number = {11},
	pages = {1188-1192},
	url = {https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2022/11/h/},
	doi = {10.3367/UFNe.2022.10.039256}
}

Received: 3rd, October 2022, 3rd, October 2022

:    « » 192 1275–1279 (2022); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2022.10.039256

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