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2021

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May

  

100th anniversary of the birth of Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov


Andrei Sakharov's research work and modern physics


Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp. 53, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

We follow the work carried out by Andrei Sakharov in both research and engineering, from the first domestic thermonuclear charges to fundamental physics. We emphasize the current status of the research fields recognized to have originated in Sakharov's work: controlled fusion, magnetic cumulation and magnetic explosion generators, induced gravity, cosmological "Sakharov'" (baryonic acoustic) oscillations, and baryon asymmetry of the Universe. Another subject that unexpectedly gained momentum in the 21st century is the model of a pulsating universe, which was among Sakharov's ideas. Other subjects that were dear to him, such as quantum cosmology and the anthropic principle, are also currently at the forefront of science.

Fulltext is available at IOP
Keywords: Andrei Sakharov, atomic bomb, hydrogen bomb, controlled fusion, magnetic cumulation, magnetic explosion generators, induced gravity, Sakharov oscillations, baryon asymmetry of the Universe
PACS: 01.65.+g, 04.50.−h, 52.55.−s, 98.80.−k (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2021.02.038946
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2021/5/a/
Citation: Altshuler B L "Andrei Sakharov's research work and modern physics" Phys. Usp. 64 427–451 (2021)
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Received: 5th, January 2021, revised: 22nd, February 2021, 26th, February 2021

Оригинал: Альтшулер Б Л «Научная деятельность А.Д. Сахарова и современная физика» УФН 191 449–474 (2021); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2021.02.038946

A.D. Sakharov is author of Physics-Uspekhi

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