100th anniversary of the birth of Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov
Andrei Sakharov's research work and modern physics
B.L. Altshuler Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp. 53, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
We follow the work carried out by Andrei Sakharov in both research and engineering, from the first domestic thermonuclear charges to fundamental physics. We emphasize the current status of the research fields recognized to have originated in Sakharov's work: controlled fusion, magnetic cumulation and magnetic explosion generators, induced gravity, cosmological "Sakharov'" (baryonic acoustic) oscillations, and baryon asymmetry of the Universe. Another subject that unexpectedly gained momentum in the 21st century is the model of a pulsating universe, which was among Sakharov's ideas. Other subjects that were dear to him, such as quantum cosmology and the anthropic principle, are also currently at the forefront of science.
Keywords: Andrei Sakharov, atomic bomb, hydrogen bomb, controlled fusion, magnetic cumulation, magnetic explosion generators, induced gravity, Sakharov oscillations, baryon asymmetry of the Universe PACS:01.65.+g, 04.50.−h, 52.55.−s, 98.80.−k (all) DOI:10.3367/UFNe.2021.02.038946 URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2021/5/a/ Citation: Altshuler B L "Andrei Sakharov's research work and modern physics" Phys. Usp.64 427–451 (2021)