50th anniversary of the Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS. Reviews of topical problems

Constraints on models of the origin of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos

Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, prosp. 60-letiya Oktyabrya 7a, Moscow, 117312, Russian Federation

The existence of astrophysical neutrinos with energies of tens of TeV and higher has been firmly established by the IceCube experiment; the first confirmations of this discovery were obtained by the ANTARES and Baikal-GVD installations. At the same time, observational results do not fully agree with those expected before the start of these experiments. The origin of the neutrino has not yet been determined, while simple theoretical models, popular for decades, cannot explain the entire ensemble of observational data. In the present review, a summary of experimental results is given with a particular emphasis on those most relevant for constraining theoretical models; features of various scenarios of the origin of high-energy neutrinos are discussed; and particular classes of their potential astrophysical sources are briefly listed. It is shown that observational data may be explained if the astrophysical neutrino flux includes both a contribution of extragalactic sources, dominant at high energies, and a Galactic component, essential only at neutrino energies ≾100 TeV. Other possible scenarios are also discussed.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2021.09.039062
Keywords: neutrino, multimessenger astrophysics, high-energy astronomy
PACS: 95.30.Cq, 95.55.Vj, 98.70.Vc (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2021.09.039062
Citation: Troitsky S V "Constraints on models of the origin of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos" Phys. Usp. 64 1261–1285 (2021)
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Received: 2nd, July 2021, revised: 7th, September 2021, 13th, September 2021

Оригинал: Троицкий С В «Ограничения на модели происхождения астрофизических нейтрино высоких энергий» УФН 191 1333–1360 (2021); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2021.09.039062

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