Reviews of topical problems

Excitons and trions in two-dimensional semiconductors based on transition metal dichalcogenides

Ioffe Institute, ul. Polytekhnicheskaya 26, St. Petersburg, 194021, Russian Federation

Theoretical and experimental results on excitonic effects in monomolecular layers of transition metal dichalcogenides are reviewed. These two-dimensional semiconductors exhibit a direct band gap of about 2 eV at the Brillouin zone edges, and the binding energies of their neutral and charged excitons are in the range of hundreds and tens of millielectronvolts, respectively. This implies that the electron-hole complexes determine the optical properties of transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers. Topics discussed in this review include the band structure details needed to understand the excitonic effects in these materials, the structure and fine structure of excitons and trions, the features of the spin and valley dynamics of Coulomb complexes, and the ways how neutral and charged excitons manifest themselves in linear and nonlinear optical effects.

Fulltext is available at IOP
Keywords: transition metal dichalcogenides monolayers, Coulomb interaction, exchange interaction, exciton, trion, spin dynamics, valley dynamics, optical orientation, two-photon absorption, second harmonic generation, Zeeman effect
PACS: 71.35.−y, 73.20.Mf, 78.67.−n (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2017.07.038172
Citation: Durnev M V, Glazov M M "Excitons and trions in two-dimensional semiconductors based on transition metal dichalcogenides" Phys. Usp. 61 825–845 (2018)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS)MedlineRefWorks

Received: 4th, July 2017, revised: 14th, July 2017, 14th, July 2017

Оригинал: Дурнев М В, Глазов М М «Экситоны и трионы в двумерных полупроводниках на основе дихалькогенидов переходных металлов» УФН 188 913–934 (2018); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2017.07.038172

References (159) Cited by (14) Similar articles (20) ↓

  1. L.A. Chernozatonskii, A.A. Artyukh “Quasi-two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides: structure, synthesis, properties and applications61 2–28 (2018)
  2. P.V. Ratnikov, A.P. Silin “Two-dimensional graphene electronics: current status and prospects61 1139–1174 (2018)
  3. P.B. Sorokin, L.A. Chernozatonskii “Graphene-based semiconductor nanostructures56 105–122 (2013)
  4. A.V. Eletskii, I.M. Iskandarova et alGraphene: fabrication methods and thermophysical properties54 227–258 (2011)
  5. M.M. Glazov, R.A. Suris “Collective states of excitons in semiconductors”, accepted
  6. G.N. Makarov “Laser applications in nanotechnology: nanofabrication using laser ablation and laser nanolithography56 643–682 (2013)
  7. V.T. Dolgopolov “Integer quantum Hall effect and related phenomena57 105–127 (2014)
  8. V.E. Bisti, A.B. Van’kov et alMagnetoexcitons in two-dimensional electronic systems58 315–329 (2015)
  9. V.I. Balykin, P.N. Melentiev “Optics and spectroscopy of a single plasmonic nanostructure61 133–156 (2018)
  10. V.V. Egorov, M.V. Alfimov “Theory of the J-band: from the Frenkel exciton to charge transfer50 985–1029 (2007)
  11. M.A. Remnev, V.V. Klimov “Metasurfaces: a new look at Maxwell's equations and new ways to control light61 157–190 (2018)
  12. G.N. Makarov “Laser IR fragmentation of molecular clusters: the role of channels for energy input and relaxation, influence of surroundings, dynamics of fragmentation60 227–258 (2017)
  13. M.Yu. Kagan, V.A. Mitskan, M.M. Korovushkin “Anomalous superconductivity and superfluidity in repulsive fermion systems58 733–761 (2015)
  14. B.P. Zakharchenya, R.P. Seisyan “Diamagnetic excitons in semiconductors12 70–79 (1969)
  15. V.D. Kulakovskii, V.G. Lysenko, V.B. Timofeev “Excitonic molecules in semiconductors28 735–761 (1985)
  16. S.I. Lepeshov, A.E. Krasnok et alHybrid nanophotonics61 1035–1050 (2018)
  17. E.A. Ekimov, M.V. Kondrin “Vacancy-impurity centers in diamond: perspectives of synthesis and applications60 539–558 (2017)
  18. A.E. Krasnok, I.S. Maksymov et alOptical nanoantennas56 539–564 (2013)
  19. Ya.B. Zel’dovich, A.L. Buchachenko, E.L. Frankevich “Magnetic-spin effects in chemistry and molecular physics31 385–408 (1988)
  20. V.S. Grechishkin, N.E. Ainbinder “Radiospectroscopy of organic semiconductors10 237–255 (1967)

The list is formed automatically.

© 1918–2020 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk
Email: Editorial office contacts About the journal Terms and conditions