Graphene-based semiconductor nanostructures
P.B. Sorokin a, b
L.A. Chernozatonskii b
a Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials, ul. Tsentralnaya 7a, Troitsk, Moscow, 142190, Russian Federation
b Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kosygina st. 4, Moscow, 119334, Russian Federation
One of the current priorities in the physics and chemistry of graphene is the study of its semiconducting derivatives. This review summarizes the state of the art in this area of research. The structure and electronic properties of materials as such graphene ribbons, partially hydrogenated and fluorinated graphene, graphane, fluorographene, and diamane are discussed in detail.