Reviews of topical problems

Solar photovoltaics: current state and trends

 a,  a,  a, b,  a,  a,  a,  a,  a
a ITMO University, Kronverksky Pr. 49, bldg. A, St. Petersburg, 197101, Russian Federation
b Alferov Saint Petersburg National Research Academic University of the Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Khlopina 8, korp. 3, lit. A, St. Petersburg, 194021, Russian Federation

Basic aspects of current solar photovoltaics (PV) are reviewed, starting from the recently developed already-on-the-market first-generation solar cells and ending with promising but not yet commercialized third-generation cells and materials possibly leading to new cell designs. The emphasis is on the physical principles of various solar cells which are divided into several groups according to our classification scheme. To make the picture complete, some technological and economic aspects of the field are discussed. A separate chapter considers antireflection coatings and light-trapping devices — structures which, while have not yet appeared in the PV review literature, are an integral part of the solar cell field.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2016.02.037703
Keywords: solar energy, photovoltaics, solar cells of three generations, organic and inorganic solar cells, commercial photovoltaics, perovskites, light-trapping structure
PACS: 42.25.Bs, 42.79.Wc, 61.46.−w, 71.20.Nr, 71.20.Rv, 72.40.+w, 72.80.Cw, 84.60.Jt (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2016.02.037703
Citation: Milichko V A, Shalin A S, Mukhin I S, Kovrov A E, Krasilin A A, Vinogradov A V, Belov P A, Simovskii C R "Solar photovoltaics: current state and trends" Phys. Usp. 59 727–772 (2016)
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Received: 27th, January 2016, 2nd, February 2016

Оригинал: Миличко В А, Шалин А С, Мухин И С, Ковров А Э, Красилин А А, Виноградов А В, Белов П А, Симовский К Р «Солнечная фотовольтаика: современное состояние и тенденции развития» УФН 186 801–852 (2016); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2016.02.037703

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