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Ultracold lanthanides: from optical clocks to quantum simulators

 a, b,  a, b,  a, b,  b,  b,  a, b,  b, a,  b
a Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Institutskii per. 9, Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow Region, 141700, Russian Federation
b Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp. 53, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

Directions in the studies of laser-cooled lanthanides and their possible applications in precision spectroscopy and quantum optics are considered. We discuss the specific electronic structure of hollow atoms providing their promising applications in optical frequency standards and quantum simulators based on atomic spin interactions in optical lattices. The features of laser cooling of atoms, optical lattice trapping techniques and clock transition spectroscopy using narrowband lasers are described by the example of thulium atoms.

Text can be downloaded in Russian. English translation is available here.
Keywords: laser cooling, lanthanides, optical frequency standards, ultrastable laser systems, quantum simulations
PACS: 32.30.Jc, 37.10.De, 37.10.Gh (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0186.201602h.0176
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2016/2/h/
Citation: Vishnyakova G A, Golovizin A A, Kalganova E S, Sorokin V N, Sukachev D D, Tregubov D O, Khabarova K Yu, Kolachevsky N N "Ultracold lanthanides: from optical clocks to quantum simulators" Phys. Usp. 59 168–173 (2016)
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Received: 30th, November 2015, 28th, October 2015

Оригинал: Вишнякова Г А, Головизин А А, Калганова Е С, Сорокин В Н, Сукачёв Д Д, Трегубов Д О, Хабарова К Ю, Колачевский Н Н «Ультрахолодные лантаноиды: от оптических часов до квантовых симуляторов» УФН 186 176–182 (2016); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0186.201602h.0176

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