Issues

 / 

2014

 / 

April

  

100th anniversary of the birth of Ya.B. Zeldovich


Black holes in binary stellar systems and galactic nuclei


Lomonosov Moscow State University, Shternberg State Astronomical Institute, Universitetskii prosp. 13, Moscow, 119889, Russian Federation

In the last 40 years, after pioneering papers by Ya.B. Zeldovich and E.E. Salpeter in which a powerful energy release from nonspherical accretion of matter onto a black hole was predicted, a lot of observational studies of black holes in the Universe have been carried out. By the present time, masses of several dozens of stellar-mass black holes (MBH=(4 — 20) Mʘ) in X-ray binary systems and of several hundreds of supermassive black holes (MBH=(106 — 1010) Mʘ) in galactic nuclei have been measured. Estimated radii of these massive and compact objects do not exceed several gravitational radii. For about ten stellar-mass black holes and several dozens supermassive black holes, the values of the dimensionless angular momentum a* have been estimated, which, in agreement with theoretical predictions, do not exceed the limiting value a* = 0.998. A new field of astrophysics, the black hole demography, which studies the birth and growth of black holes, as well as their evolutionary connection to other objects in the Universe — stars, galaxies, etc., is rapidly developing. In addition to supermassive black holes, massive stellar clusters are observed in galactic nuclei, and their evolution is distinct from that of supermassive black holes. Evolutionary relations between supermassive black holes in galactic nuclei and spheroidal stellar components (bulges) of galaxies, as well as with dark matter galactic haloes emerge. The launch into orbit of the space radio interferometer Radioastron opened up the real possibility to finally prove that numerous massive and highly compact objects with properties very similar to those of black holes are real black holes in the sense of A. Einstein’s General Relativity. Similar proofs of the existence of black holes in the Universe can be obtained by intercontinental radio interferometry at short wavelengths $\lambda \lesssim 1$ mm (the international program “Event Horizon Telescope”).

Fulltext is available at IOP
PACS: 04.70.Bw, 97.60.Jd, 98.54.−h (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0184.201404d.0387
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2014/4/e/
Citation: Cherepashchuk A M "Black holes in binary stellar systems and galactic nuclei" Phys. Usp. 57 359–376 (2014)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS)MedlineRefWorks

Received: 9th, October 2013, 22nd, October 2013

Оригинал: Черепащук А М «Чёрные дыры в двойных звёздных системах и ядрах галактик» УФН 184 387–407 (2014); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0184.201404d.0387

References (134) ↓ Cited by (12) Similar articles (5)

  1. Zel’dovich Ya B Dokl. AN SSSR 155 67 (1964); Zel’dovich Ya B Sov. Phys. Dokl. 9 195 (1964)
  2. Salpeter E E Astrophys. J. 140 796 (1964)
  3. Gillessen S et al. Astrophys. J. 692 1075 (2009)
  4. Cherepashchuk A M Usp. Fiz. Nauk 173 345 (2003); Cherepashchuk A M Phys. Usp. 46 335 (2003)
  5. Novikov I D, Frolov V P Fizika Chernykh Dyr (M.: Nauka, 1986) p. 88; Novikov I D, Frolov V P Physics Of Black Holes (Dordrecht: Kluwer Acad., 1989)
  6. Novikov I D, Frolov V P Usp. Fiz. Nauk 171 307 (2001); Novikov I D, Frolov V P Phys. Usp. 44 291 (2001)
  7. Logunov A A Teoriya Gravitatsionnogo Polya (M.: Nauka, 2000)
  8. Babak S V, Grishchuk L P Int. J. Mod. Phys. 12 1905 (2003)
  9. Shakura N I, Sunyaev R A Astron. Astrophys. 24 337 (1973)
  10. Pringle J E, Rees M J Astron. Astrophys. 21 1 (1972)
  11. Novikov I D, Thorne K S Black Holes (Eds C DeWitt, B S DeWitt) (New York: Gordon and Breach, 1973) p. 343
  12. Remillard R A, McClintock J E Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 44 49 (2006)
  13. McClintock J E Short-Period Binary Stars: Observations, Analyses, And Results (Eds E F Milone, D A Leahy, D W Hobill) (Berlin: Springer, 2008) p. 3
  14. Cherepashchuk A M Usp. Fiz. Nauk 181 1097 (2011); Cherepashchuk A M Phys. Usp. 54 1061 (2011)
  15. Cherepashchuk A M Tesnye Dvoinye Zvezdy Vol. 1 (M.: Fizmatlit, 2012); Cherepashchuk A M Tesnye Dvoinye Zvezdy Vol. 2 (M.: Fizmatlit, 2013)
  16. Guseinov O Kh, Zel’dovich Ya B Astron. Zhurn. 43 313 (1966); Guseinov O Kh, Zel’dovich Ya B Sov. Astron. 10 251 (1966)
  17. Cherepashchuk A M et al. Inform. Bull. Variable Stars (720) (1972)
  18. Bahcall J N, Bahcall N A Astrophys. J. 178 L1 (1972)
  19. Lyutyi V M, Syunyaev R A, Cherepashchuk A M Astron. Zhurn. 50 3 (1973); Lyutyi V M, Syunyaev R A, Cherepashchuk A M Sov. Astron. 17 1 (1973)
  20. Lyutyi V M, Syunyaev R A, Cherepashchuk A M Astron. Zhurn. 51 1150 (1974); Lyutyi V M, Syunyaev R A, Cherepashchuk A M Sov. Astron. 18 684 (1974)
  21. Goncharskii A V, Romanov S Yu, Cherepashchuk A M Konechnoparametricheskie Obratnye Zadachi Astrofiziki (M.: Izd-vo MGU, 1991) p. 61
  22. Bisnovatyi-Kogan G S, Komberg B V Astron. Zhurn. 51 373 (1974); Bisnovatyi-Kogan G S, Komberg B V Sov. Astron. 18 217 (1974)
  23. Kiziltan B et al. Astrophys. J. 778 66 (2013); Kiziltan B et al. arXiv:1309.6635
  24. Alpar M A et al. Nature 300 728 (1982)
  25. McClintock J E, Remillard R A Compact Stellar X-ray Sources (Cambridge Astrophysics Series) Vol. 39 (Eds W Lewin, M van der Klis) (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2006) p. 157
  26. Cherepashchuk A M Space Sci. Rev. 93 473 (2000)
  27. Orosz J A et al. Nature 449 872 (2007)
  28. Abubekerov M K, Antokhina E A, Bogomazov A I, Cherepashchuk A M Astron. Zhurn. 86 260 (2009); Abubekerov M K, Antokhina E A, Bogomazov A I, Cherepashchuk A M Astron. Rep. 53 232 (2009)
  29. Davis S W, Done C, Blaes O M Astrophys. J. 647 525 (2006)
  30. Liu J et al. Astrophys. J. 679 L37 (2008)
  31. Liu J et al. Astrophys. J. 719 L109 (2010), Erratum
  32. Gou L et al. Astrophys. J. 701 1076 (2009)
  33. Gou L et al. Astrophys. J. 742 85 (2011)
  34. Narayan R, McClintock J E Mon. Not. R.. Astron. Soc. 419 L69 (2012)
  35. Blandford R D, Znajek R L Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 179 433 (1977)
  36. Zel’dovich Ya B, Novikov I D Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 158 811 (1964); Zel’dovich Ya B, Novikov I D Sov. Phys. Dokl. 9 834 (1965)
  37. Kormendy J, Ho L C Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 51 511 (2013)
  38. Moran J M, Greenhill L J, Herrnstein J R J. Astrophys. Astron. 20 165 (1999)
  39. Cherepashchuk A M, Lyutyi V M Astrophys. Lett. 13 165 (1973)
  40. Antokhin I I, Bochkarev N G Astron. Zhurn. 60 448 (1983); Antokhin I I, Bochkarev N G Sov. Astron. 27 261 (1983)
  41. Blandford R D, McKee C F Astrophys. J. 225 419 (1982)
  42. Gaskell C M, Sparke L S Astrophys. J. 305 175 (1986)
  43. Dibai E A Astron. Zhurn. 61 209 (1984); Dibai E A Sov. Astron. 28 123 (1984)
  44. Zasov A V, Cherepashchuk A M Astron. Zhurn. 90 871 (2013); Zasov A V, Cherepashchuk A M Astron. Rep. 57 797 (2013)
  45. Shen Y et al. Astrophys. J. 680 169 (2008)
  46. Volonteri M, Rees M J Astrophys. J. 650 669 (2006)
  47. Kelly B C et al. Astrophys. J. 719 1315 (2010)
  48. Natarajan P, Volonteri M Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 422 2051 (2012)
  49. Begelman M C, Volonteri M, Rees M J Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 370 289 (2006)
  50. Fabian A C et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 238 729 (1989)
  51. Laor A Astrophys. J. 376 90 (1991)
  52. Miniutti G et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 398 255 (2009)
  53. Patrick A R et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 411 2353 (2011)
  54. Patrick A R et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 416 2725 (2011)
  55. Brenneman L W et al. Astrophys. J. 736 103 (2011)
  56. Thorne K S Astrophys. J. 191 507 (1974)
  57. Daly R A Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 414 1253 (2011)
  58. Blandford R D, Payne D G Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 199 883 (1982)
  59. Gnedin Yu N, Silant’ev N A Astrophys. Space Phys. 10 1 (1997)
  60. Gnedin Yu N, Silant’ev N A, Shternin P S Pis’ma Astron. Zhurn. 32 42 (2006); Gnedin Yu N, Silant’ev N A, Shternin P S Astron. Lett. 32 39 (2006)
  61. Silant’ev N A et al. Astron. Astrophys. 507 171 (2009)
  62. Afanas’ev V L i dr. Pis’ma Astron. Zhurn. 37 333 (2011); Afanasiev V L et al. Astron. Lett. 37 302 (2011)
  63. Gnedin Yu N i dr. Astron. Zhurn. 89 635 (2012); Gnedin Yu N et al. Astron. Rep. 56 573 (2012)
  64. Gnedin Yu N i dr. Usp. Fiz. Nauk 183 747 (2013); Gnedin Yu N et al. Phys. Usp. 56 709 (2013)
  65. Wilms J et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 328 L27 (2001)
  66. Doeleman S S et al. Nature 455 78 (2008)
  67. Ford H C et al. Astrophys. J. 435 L27 (1994)
  68. Gebhardt K et al. Astrophys. J. 729 119 (2011)
  69. McHardy I M et al. Nature 444 730 (2006)
  70. Merloni A, Heinz S, di Matteo T Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 345 1057 (2003)
  71. Titarchuk L, Osherovich V Astrophys. J. 542 L111 (2000)
  72. Abramowicz M A, Kluźniak W Astron. Astrophys. 374 L19 (2001)
  73. Török G et al. Astron. Astrophys. 436 1 (2005)
  74. Kato Y Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56 931 (2004)
  75. Gierliński M et al. Nature 455 369 (2008)
  76. Martynov D Ya Usp. Fiz. Nauk 108 701 (1972); Martynov D Ya Sov. Phys. Usp. 15 786 (1973)
  77. Cherepashchuk A M Astron. Zhurn. 78 145 (2001); Cherepashchuk A M Astron. Rep. 45 120 (2001)
  78. Cherepashchuk A M Usp. Fiz. Nauk 172 959 (2002); Cherepashchuk A M Phys. Usp. 45 896 (2002)
  79. Özel F et al. Astrophys. J. 725 1918 (2010)
  80. Postnov K A, Cherepashchuk A M Astron. Zhurn. 80 1075 (2003); Postnov K A, Cherepashchuk A M Astron. Rep. 47 989 (2003)
  81. Randall L, Sundrum R Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 4690 (1999)
  82. Hawking S W Nature 248 30 (1974)
  83. Long J C, Price J C Comptes Rendus Physique 4 337 (2003)
  84. Johannsen T, Psaltis D, McClintock J E Astrophys. J. 691 997 (2009)
  85. Postnov K A, Prokhorov M E Astron. Zhurn. 78 1025 (2001); Postnov K A, Prokhorov M E Astron. Rep. 45 899 (2001)
  86. Fryer C L, Kalogera V Astrophys. J. 554 548 (2001)
  87. Belczynski K et al. Astrophys. J. 757 91 (2012)
  88. Tutukov A V, Cherepashchuk A M Astron. Zhurn. 81 43 (2004); Tutukov A V, Cherepashchuk A M Astron. Rep. 48 39 (2004)
  89. Ghisellini G et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 399 L24 (2009)
  90. Cherepashchuk A M i dr. Astron. Zhurn. 87 634 (2010); Cherepashchuk A M et al. Astron. Rep. 54 578 (2010)
  91. Zasov A V, Cherepashchuk A M, Katkov I Yu Astron. Zhurn. 88 648 (2011); Zasov A V, Cherepashchuk A M, Katkov I Yu Astron. Rep. 55 595 (2011)
  92. McLure R J, Dunlop J S Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 331 795 (2002)
  93. Beifiori A et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 419 2497 (2012)
  94. Decarli R et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 402 2453 (2010)
  95. Ferrarese L et al. Astrophys. J. 644 L21 (2006)
  96. Wehner E H, Harris W E Astrophys. J. 644 L17 (2006)
  97. Leigh N, Böker T, Knigge C Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 424 2130 (2012)
  98. Satyapal S et al. Astrophys. J. 704 439 (2009)
  99. Graham A W, Spitler L R Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 397 2148 (2009)
  100. Neumayer N, Walcher C J Adv. Astron. 2012 709038 (2012)
  101. Graham A W Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 422 1586 (2012)
  102. Il’in A S, Zybin K P, Gurevich A V Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 125 5 (2004); Ilyin A S, Zybin K P, Gurevich A V JETP 98 1 (2004)
  103. Ferrarese L Astrophys. J. 578 90 (2002)
  104. Di Matteo T et al. Astrophys. J. 593 56 (2003)
  105. Booth C M, Schaye J Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405 L1 (2010)
  106. Baes M et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 341 L44 (2003)
  107. Zasov A V, Petrochenko L N, Cherepashchuk A M Astron. Zhurn. 82 407 (2005); Zasov A V, Petrochenko L N, Cherepashchuk A M Astron. Rep. 49 362 (2005)
  108. Baes M et al. Astron. Astrophys. 467 991 (2007)
  109. Xu B-X, Wu X-B, Zhao H-S Astrophys. J. 664 198 (2007)
  110. Fukue J Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 55 155 (2003)
  111. Takahashi R Astrophys. J. 611 996 (2004)
  112. Zakharov A F et al. New Astron. 10 479 (2005)
  113. Beckwith K, Done C Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 359 1217 (2005)
  114. Huang L et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 379 833 (2007)
  115. Takahashi R, Watarai K Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 374 1515 (2007)
  116. Dexter J, McKinney J C, Agol E Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 421 1517 (2012)
  117. Blandford R D Lighthouses of the Universe: The Most Luminous Celestial Objects and Their Use for Cosmology: Proc. of the MPA/ESO/MPE/USM Joint Astronomy Conf., Garching, Germany, 6 - 10 August 2001 (Eds M Gilfanov, R Sunyaev, E Churazov) (Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2002) p. 381
  118. Genzel R et al. Nature 425 934 (2003)
  119. Watarai K-Y et al. Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 57 513 (2005)
  120. Doeleman S S et al. Science 338 355 (2012)
  121. Rees M J Science 247 817 (1990)
  122. Khokhlov A, Novikov I D, Pethick C J Astrophys. J. 418 181 (1993)
  123. Ivanov P B, Novikov I D Astrophys. J. 549 467 (2001)
  124. Komossa S, Greiner J Astron. Astrophys. 349 L45 (1999)
  125. Komossa S Reviews In Modern Astronomy Vol. 15 (Ed. R E Schielicke) (Berlin: Wiley-VCH, 2002) p. 27
  126. Gezari S et al. Nature 485 217 (2012)
  127. Alexander T, Livio M Astrophys. J. 560 L143 (2001)
  128. Meyer F, Meyer-Hofmeister E Astron. Astrophys. 546 L2 (2012)
  129. Gillessen S et al. Nature 481 51 (2012)
  130. Gillessen S et al. Astrophys. J. 763 78 (2013)
  131. Sadowski A et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 432 478 (2013)
  132. Thorne K Ginzburg Conf. on Physics, May 28 - June 2, 2012, Moscow, Russia. Abstracts (Moscow: Lebedev Physics Institute, 2012) p. 33
  133. Abbott B P et al. (The LIGO Scientific Collab., The Virgo Collab.) Nature 460 990 (2009)
  134. Pretorius F Astrophys. Space Sci. Library 359 305 (2009)

© 1918–2020 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk
Email: ufn@ufn.ru Editorial office contacts About the journal Terms and conditions