On the history of fluid dynamics: Russian scientific schools in the 20th century
N.E. Zhukovskii Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute, ul. Zhukovskogo 1, Zhukovskii, Moscow Region, 140180, Russian Federation
The history of designing wind tunnels, an isolated wing, as well as both flying and non-flying machines, is reviewed. An analysis is made of those remarkable aerodynamic ideas which have been practically implemented, as well as of those, no less remarkable, ideas which have — so far -
remained unfulfilled. The history of theoretical fluid dynamics in Russia is represented as the history of four scientific schools: those of Zhukovsky, Friedmann, Kolmogorov, and TsAGI.