Non-equilibrium thermodynamics and kinetic theory of rarefied gases
V.M. Zhdanov a
V.I. Roldugin b
a Moscow State Engineering Physics Institute (State University), Kashirskoe shosse 31, Moscow, 115409, Russian Federation
b Institute of Physical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp. 31, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
The relation between the non-equilibrium thermodynamics and kinetic theory of rarefied gases is discussed. The phenomenological equations of generalized non-equilibrium thermodynamics are formulated using the fundamental relations of kinetic theory. Using the approach developed, the non-equilibrium thermodynamics of a multicomponent gas mixture are formulated for the moment method and Burnett approximation and the boundary conditions including the slip and jump effects are derived for slightly rarefied gases. An application to transport processes in discontinuous systems and gas flows over solid bodies is also made.