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1988

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July

  

From the history of physics


Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Fridman (Friedmann): a biographical essay


Ioffe Institute, ul. Polytekhnicheskaya 26, St. Petersburg, 194021, Russian Federation

This essay describes the life of the outstanding Soviet scientist A. A. Fridman (1888--1925), known in the western literature as Friedmann, in connection with the centenary of his birth. The main stages in the life of Fridman are discussed in chronological order, beginning with his years at high school and university. Archive files are used in an account of the first steps of Fridman's scientific activity dealing with the problems in mathematical physics and aerodynamics. His participation in the First World War (1914--1917) is then described, followed by his professorship in Perm' University (1818--1920) and finally by the last very fruitful part of his life in Petrograd (1920–1925) where he taught at leading higher educational establishments and worked at the Main Geophysical Laboratory of which he became Director during the last year of his life. Particular attention is given to Fridman's work on relativistic cosmology (1922--1925) and dispute on the subject between Fridman and Einstein in connection with Fridman's theory of an expanding universe. The full bibliography of Fridman's work (73 items) is included.

PACS: 01.30.Tt, 98.80.−k (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU1988v031n07ABEH003574
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/1988/7/d/
Citation: Frenkel’ V Ya "Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Fridman (Friedmann): a biographical essay" Sov. Phys. Usp. 31 645–665 (1988)
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Оригинал: Френкель В Я «Александр Александрович Фридман (Биографический очерк)» УФН 155 481–516 (1988); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0155.198807d.0481

A.A. Fridman is author of Physics-Uspekhi

References (37) Cited by (5) Similar articles (10) ↓

  1. V.Ya. Frenkel’ “George Gamow: World line 1904-1933 (On the ninetieth anniversary of G A Gamov’s birth)37 767–789 (1994)
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  3. V.Ya. Frenkel’, P. Josephson “Soviet Physicists awarded stipends by the Rockefeller Foundation33 (11) 938–955 (1990)
  4. Complete list of L D Landau’s works41 621–623 (1998)
  5. Yu.A. Danilov, Ya.A. Smorodinskii “Johannes Kepler: from the mystery to the harmony16 136–155 (1973)
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  8. V.Ya. Frenkel’ “Correspondence between G A Gamow and P L Kapitza37 803–811 (1994)
  9. V.Ya. Frenkel’ “The style of a scientific creative genius—Yakov Il’ich Frenkel’ (on the eightieth anniversary of his birth)17 577–583 (1975)
  10. B.I. Spasskii, L.V. Levshin, V.A. Krasil’nikov “Physics and astronomy at Moscow University (On the University’s 225th anniversary)23 78–93 (1980)

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