Issues

 / 

1988

 / 

July

  

From the history of physics


Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Fridman (Friedmann): a biographical essay


Ioffe Institute, ul. Polytekhnicheskaya 26, St. Petersburg, 194021, Russian Federation

This essay describes the life of the outstanding Soviet scientist A. A. Fridman (1888--1925), known in the western literature as Friedmann, in connection with the centenary of his birth. The main stages in the life of Fridman are discussed in chronological order, beginning with his years at high school and university. Archive files are used in an account of the first steps of Fridman's scientific activity dealing with the problems in mathematical physics and aerodynamics. His participation in the First World War (1914--1917) is then described, followed by his professorship in Perm' University (1818--1920) and finally by the last very fruitful part of his life in Petrograd (1920–1925) where he taught at leading higher educational establishments and worked at the Main Geophysical Laboratory of which he became Director during the last year of his life. Particular attention is given to Fridman's work on relativistic cosmology (1922--1925) and dispute on the subject between Fridman and Einstein in connection with Fridman's theory of an expanding universe. The full bibliography of Fridman's work (73 items) is included.

PACS: 01.30.Tt, 98.80.−k (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU1988v031n07ABEH003574
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/1988/7/d/
Citation: Frenkel’ V Ya "Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Fridman (Friedmann): a biographical essay" Sov. Phys. Usp. 31 645–665 (1988)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS)MedlineRefWorks

Оригинал: Френкель В Я «Александр Александрович Фридман (Биографический очерк)» УФН 155 481–516 (1988); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0155.198807d.0481

A.A. Fridman is author of Physics-Uspekhi

References (37) ↓ Cited by (5) Similar articles (10)

  1. Uiler Dzh A Predvidenie Einshteina (M.: Mir, 1970)
  2. Zel’dovich Ya B, Novikov I D Stroenie i Evolyutsiya Vselennoi (M.: Nauka, 1975)
  3. Veinberg S Gravitatsiya i Kosmologiya (M.: Mir, 1975)
  4. Gurevich L E, Chernin A D Vvedenie v Kosmologiyu (M.: Nauka, 1978)
  5. Novikov I D Evolyutsiya Vselennoi (M.: Nauka, 1979)
  6. Fok V A "Raboty Fridmana po teorii tyagoteniya Einshteina", Fridman A A Izbrannye Trudy (M.: Nauka, 1966) p. 398-402
  7. Zel’dovich Ya B "Teoriya rasshiryayushcheisya Vselennoi, sozdannaya A A Fridmanom", Fridman A A Izbrannye Trudy (M.: Nauka, 1966) p. 402
  8. Monin A S, Yaglom A M Statisticheskaya Mekhanika (mekhanika Turbulentnosti) Vol. 1 (M.: Nauka, 1965)
  9. Kochin N E Sobranie Sochinenii Vol. 1 (M.-L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1949)
  10. Kibel’ I A "Gidrodinamicheskii (kratkosrochnyi) prognoz pogody" Mekhanika v SSSR za 50 Let Vol. 2 (M.: Nauka, 1970) p. 561
  11. Trostnikov V N Vydayushchiisya Sovetskii Uchenyi A.A. Fridman (M.: Znanie, 1963)
  12. Polak L S "Zhizn’ i nauchnoe tvorchestvo A.A. Fridmana", Fridman A A Izbrannye Trudy (M.: Nauka, 1966) p. 427
  13. Klimat Pogoda (2-3) (1925)
  14. Geofiz. Sb. 5 (1) (1927)
  15. Kochina P Ya Vospominaniya (M.: Nauka, 1974)
  16. Kochina P Ya Nikolai Evgrafovich Kochin (M.: Nauka, 1979)
  17. Koen B "Beseda s Einshteinom" Einshteinovskii Sbornik (M.: Nauka, 1967) p. 45
  18. Dianin S A Revolyutsionnaya Molodezh’ v Peterburge 1897 - 1917 Gg. (L.: Priboi, 1926)
  19. Gavrilov A F "Vospominaniya o Fridmane", Fridman A A Izbrannye Trudy (M.: Nauka, 1966) p. 417; Gavrilov A F "Pamyati A.A. Fridmana" Usp. Fiz. Nauk 6 73 (1926)
  20. Andreev N N "Moi vstrechi s A.A. Fridmanom" Priroda 6 88 (1967)
  21. Loskutov K N "Deyatel’nost’ A.A. Fridmana v Permskom universitete" Uch. Zap. Perm. Un-ta. Fizika (163) 149 (1968)
  22. Loitsyanskii L G, Lur’e A I "Aleksandr Alenksandrovich Fridman (1888 - 1925)" Tr. Leningr. Politekh. In-ta (1) 83 (1949)
  23. Devyatkova E D Vospominaniya o A.F. Ioffe (L.: Nauka, 1973) p. 70
  24. Steklov V A "A.A. Fridman (nekrolog)", Fridman A A Izbrannye Trudy (M.: Nauka, 1966) p. 394; Steklov V A Geofiz. Sb. 5 (1) 7 (1927)
  25. Akkeret I Rotornyi Korabl’: Novyi Sposob Ispol’zovaniya Sily Vetra (Pod red. A A Fridmana) (L., 1925)
  26. Einshtein A "Sudno Flettnera" Izobret. Ratsionalizat. (6) 17 (1965)
  27. Einshtein A "Elementarnaya teoriya poleta i voln na vode" Sobranie Nauchnykh Trudov Vol. 4 (M.: Nauka, 1967) p. 22
  28. Frenkel’ V Ya, Yavelov B E Einshtein-izobretatel’ (M.: Nauka, 1981)
  29. Proc. First Intern. Congress of Applied Mechanics, Delft, 1924 (Eds C Beizano, J M Bürgers) (Delft, 1925)
  30. McCrea W H, Milne E A "Newtonian universe and the curvature of space" Quart. J. Math. 5 17 (1934)
  31. Frenkel’ V Ya "Novye materialy o diskussii Einshteina i Fridmana" Einshteinovskii Sbornik. 1973 (M.: Nauka, 1974) p. 5
  32. Frenkel’ V Ya "Yurii Aleksandrovich Krutkov" Usp. Fiz. Nauk 102 639 (1970); Frenkel’ V Ya Sov. Phys. Usp. 13 816 (1971)
  33. Tatarinov Yu B "Pyat’desyat let teorii rasshiryayushcheisya Vselennoi" Voprosy Istorii Estestvoznaniya Tekhniki (3) 88 (1982)
  34. von Pahlen E Der Unendliche Weltraum Und Die Relativitättheorie (Potsdam, 1924)
  35. Biblioteka V.I. Lenina v Kremle. Katalog (M.: Politizdat, 1961)
  36. Fedoseenko P "Na vysote 7400 m" Vestn. Vozd. Flota 8 (9) 23 (1925)
  37. "Khronika" Sov. Nauka (3) 174 (1925)

© 1918–2024 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk
Email: ufn@ufn.ru Editorial office contacts About the journal Terms and conditions