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Обзоры актуальных проблем


Нейтрино сверхвысоких энергий от астрофизических источников и распадов сверхмассивных частиц


Физический институт им. П.Н. Лебедева РАН, Ленинский проспект 53, Москва, 119991, Российская Федерация

Обзор посвящен проблемам нейтринной астрономии и астрофизики сверхвысоких энергий. Рассматриваются нейтринные потоки, которые могут генерироваться в различных астрофизических источниках (ускорительные bottom-up-сценарии) и возникать при распадах сверхмассивных частиц (top-down-сценарии). Анализируется влияние нейтринных осцилляций, процессов поглощения и регенерации нейтрино в Земле, а также других факторов, приводящих к изменению величины и ароматового состава исходных потоков астрофизических нейтрино. Особенности взаимодействий высокоэнергичных нейтрино обсуждаются в рамках Стандартной модели, а также в нестандартных сценариях, предсказывающих аномальное возрастание неупругого нейтрино-ядерного сечения. Описываются методы обнаружения нейтрино сверхвысоких энергий, используемые в новом поколении нейтринных телескопов и детекторов космических лучей.

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PACS: 12.60.−i, 13.15.+g, 95.55.Vj, 95.85.Ry, 96.50.S− (все)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0176.200609b.0931
URL: https://ufn.ru/ru/articles/2006/9/b/
Цитата: Рябов В А "Нейтрино сверхвысоких энергий от астрофизических источников и распадов сверхмассивных частиц" УФН 176 931–963 (2006)
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English citation: Ryabov V A “Ultrahigh-energy neutrinos from astrophysical sources and superheavy particle decaysPhys. Usp. 49 905–936 (2006); DOI: 10.1070/PU2006v049n09ABEH006052

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