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Обзоры актуальных проблем


Простейшие атомные системы в резонансных лазерных полях


Институт физических исследований АН Армении, Аштарак, Армения

В обзоре изложены вопросы взаимодействия простейших атомных систем (двухуровневая и трехуровневые модели) с лазерным излучением (монохроматические и немонохроматические поля) вблизи резонансных переходов. Изложение проводится на основе уравнения Шрёдингера с учетом радиационного затухания. Столкновительной релаксацией пренебрегается. Рассмотрение проводится вне рамок обычной теории возмущений. Используются различные математические методы (резонансное приближение, точные методы решения, квазиэнергетический метод, адиабатическое приближение и т.д.). Рассмотрены многочисленные физические явления (осцилляции и инвертирования населенностей, самоиндуцированный резонанс, процессы первого порядка по слабому полю, резонансное комбинационное рассеяние, когерентный перенос населенностей и т.д.). Обзор доступен широкому кругу читателей.

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PACS: 32.80.−t, 42.50.−p (все)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0167.199712a.1249
URL: https://ufn.ru/ru/articles/1997/12/a/
Цитата: Тер-Микаелян М Л "Простейшие атомные системы в резонансных лазерных полях" УФН 167 1249–1294 (1997)
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English citation: Ter-Mikhaelyan M L “Simple atomic systems in resonant laser fieldsPhys. Usp. 40 1195–1238 (1997); DOI: 10.1070/PU1997v040n12ABEH000318

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