Simple atomic systems in resonant laser fields
Institute of Physics Research, Armenian Academy of Sciences, Ashtarak, Armenia
The interaction of simple, two- and three-level atomic systems with monochromatic and nonmonochromatic laser radiation near resonance transitions is discussed based on the Schroedinger equation with radiation decay and no collisional relaxation, outside the framework of the usual perturbation theory. The mathematical schemes employed include the resonance approximation, exact methods, the quasi-energy method, the adiabatic approximation, etc. A large number of physical phenomena, such as oscillating and inverted populations, self-induced resonances, processes of first order in the weak field, Raman scattering, coherent population transfer, etc. are considered. The review is intended for a broad readership.