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Обзоры актуальных проблем


Дельта-изобара в ядрах (обзор экспериментальных данных)

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Институт общей и ядерной физики, РНЦ «Курчатовский институт», пл. Курчатова 1, Москва, 123182, Российская Федерация

Дается обзор экспериментальных работ и элементарной теории по электромагнитному и адронному возбуждению Δ-изобары в ядрах. Описана история возникновения представлений о ненуклонных степенях свободы от квазинуклона и пиона до кварков и глюонов, показана роль Δ-изобарных возбуждений. Рассмотрены методика работ с пучками γ-квантов, электронов, протонов, π-мезонов и ядер, конструкции детекторов и мишеней. Сделаны предварительные выводы о механизмах Δ-возбуждения. Обсуждаются вопросы, требующие дополнительной разработки, а также направления дальнейших исследований и желательные новые эксперименты.

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PACS: 25.10.s, 24.30.Gd, 29.90.r
DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0165.199508a.0841
URL: https://ufn.ru/ru/articles/1995/8/a/
Цитата: Мухин К Н, Патаракин О О "Дельта-изобара в ядрах (обзор экспериментальных данных)" УФН 165 841–886 (1995)
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English citation: Mukhin K N, Patarakin O O “Δ isobar in nuclei (review of experimental data)Phys. Usp. 38 803–844 (1995); DOI: 10.1070/PU1995v038n08ABEH000098

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