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Плазма, возникающая при взаимодействии лазерного излучения с твердыми мишенями

Описывается комплекс физических явлений, приводящий к возникновению плазмы вблизи поверхности, нагреваемой лазерным излучением твердой мишени. Он включает динамику нагрева и испарения поверхности как целого, ее отдельных микродефектов, аэрозольных частиц; гидродинамику разлета испарившегося материала в окружающий мишень газ; кинетику ионизации в парах или в их смеси с окружающим газом. Образование плазмы связывается, во-первых, с необходимостью достаточной плотности паров в зоне воздействия или нагреву мишени до определенного уровня температур, что приводит к определенным требованиям на энергетические характеристики лазерного импульса. Во-вторых, с возможностью развития ионизации в парах или их смеси с окружающим газом, что диктует определенный уровень его интенсивности. Исходя из этих требований, в координатах энергия — интенсивность находится граница области возникновения плазмы. Момент ее возникновения определяется точкой пересечения этой границы лазерным импульсом, построенным в этих же координатах. На основе такого подхода описаны различные случаи возникновения плазмы в диффузионном и гидродинамическом режимах истечения паров, связанного с нагревом и испарением мишени как целого, ее микродефектов или аэрозольных частиц, для различных материалов мишеней, давлений и состава окружающего мишень газа, размеров пятен фокусировки, длительностей, форм и длин волн лазерных импульсов. Табл. 6. Ил. 19. Библиогр. ссылок 155.

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PACS: 52.40.Hf, 52.38.−r, 52.25.Fi, 42.60.Jf, 52.25.Jm (все)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0163.199312b.0051
URL: https://ufn.ru/ru/articles/1993/12/b/
Цитата: "Плазма, возникающая при взаимодействии лазерного излучения с твердыми мишенями" УФН 163 (12) 51–83 (1993)
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English citation: Vorob’ev V S “Plasma arising during the interaction of laser radiation with solidsPhys. Usp. 36 (12) 1129–1157 (1993); DOI: 10.1070/PU1993v036n12ABEH002209

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