Rogue waves in the sea: observations, physics and mathematics
E.N. Pelinovskya,b aNational Research University Higher School of Economics, Nizhny Novgorod Branch, B. Pecherskaya str. 25/12, Nizhny Novgorod, 603155, Russian Federation bInstitute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation cMcMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S4L8, Canada
Rogue waves are anomalously high waves which unexpectedly occur on the sea surface. They attracted the interest of researchers, from oceanographers to mathematicians, at the turn of the XX-XXI centuries. Results of investigation of this phenomenon are discussed in this review: the physical mechanisms of the rogue wave generation and the corresponding mathematical models; the available field data; results of the direct numerical simulation and of laboratory experiments; new approaches to modeling and forecasting extreme sea waves.
Keywords: rogue waves, freak waves, sea wind waves, nonlinear waves PACS:05.45.−a, 92.10.Hm (all) DOI:10.3367/UFNe.2021.08.039038 Citation: Slunyaev A V, Pelinovsky D E, Pelinovsky E N "Rogue waves in the sea: observations, physics and mathematics" Phys. Usp., accepted
Received: 24th, July 2021, revised: 6th, August 2021, accepted: 7th, August 2021