Accepted articles

On the 50th anniversary of the Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Nuclear photonics. Results and prospects

 a,  b,  c, d
a Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, prosp. 60-letiya Oktyabrya 7a, Moscow, 117312, Russian Federation
b Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Bolshoy Boulevard 30, bld. 1, Moscow, 121205, Russian Federation
c Lomonosov Moscow State University, Department of Physics, Leninskie Gory 1 build. 2, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
d Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp. 53, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

A review is given on the new scientific area "Nuclear Photonics" that has been formed in recent years. The name is associated primarily with the development of a new generation of gamma-ray sources based on traditional and laser-plasma electron accelerators. To obtain the required parameters of gamma-ray beams, the Compton backscattering method is used, which provides high energy and beam intensity, low angular divergence, and a high degree of polarization. With the use of modern high-power laser systems, it is also possible to form beams of ions, neutrons and other particles. The created sources make it possible to solve a number of important fundamental and applied problems, including studies of the effects of optical anisotropy of nuclei, the study of nonlinear effects of quantum electrodynamics in strong electromagnetic fields, and the excitation of nuclear isomers. Among the important applied problems, one can note the generation of neutrons, positrons, laboratory astrophysics, the development of nuclear non-proliferation inspection systems, nuclear medicine and biology and others.

Keywords: nuclear photonics, Compton scattering, gamma-ray sources, nuclear spectroscopy
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2021.03.038960
Citation: Nedorezov V G, Rykovanov S G, Savel’ev A B "Nuclear photonics. Results and prospects" Phys. Usp., accepted

Received: 16th, September 2020, revised: 19th, March 2021, 29th, March 2021

Оригинал: Недорезов В Г, Рыкованов С Г, Савельев А Б «Ядерная фотоника. Результаты и перспективы» УФН, принята к публикации; DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2021.03.038960

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