Reviews of topical problems

Generation of a radial electric field in a cylindrical plasma column with an axial magnetic field

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Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Izhorskaya 13/19, Moscow, 127412, Russian Federation

The current state of research on generating and controlling a radial electric field in a magnetized plasma in cylindrical geometry is reviewed. Such systems are widely used in many plasma-physics applications ranging from thermonuclear fusion and plasma mass separation to the development of plasma thrusters. Primarily experimental studies are analyzed with an emphasis on the installation parameters and experiments conditions that enable generating controlled distributions of electrical potential. Data reported by various research teams are summarized in tables, allowing predictions of the potential reproducible under specific experimental conditions.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2023.12.039622
Keywords: biased electrodes, electric potential control, perpendicular electric field, electric field in plasma, magnetized plasma, plasma mass separation, open traps, Penning discharge
PACS: 52.25.Xz, 52.55.−s, 52.80.Sm (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2023.12.039622
Citation: Liziakin G D, Gavrikov A V, Kuzmichev S D, Smirnov V P, Usmanov R A "Generation of a radial electric field in a cylindrical plasma column with an axial magnetic field" Phys. Usp. 67 464–486 (2024)
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Received: 23rd, May 2023, revised: 5th, December 2023, 19th, December 2023

Оригинал: Лизякин Г Д, Гавриков А В, Кузьмичёв С Д, Смирнов В П, Усманов Р А «Контроль радиального электрического поля в цилиндрическом плазменном столбе с аксиальным магнитным полем» УФН 194 495–519 (2024); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2023.12.039622

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