On the 40th anniversary of the Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (GPI). Instruments and methods of investigation

Modern physical methods and technologies in agriculture

  a, b,   a, §  a, *  a, #  a, °  a, &  a,   a,   a,   a,   a,   a,   a,   a,   a,   a, c,   b,   b,   b,   b,  b,  b,  b,  b,  b,  b
a Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Vavilova 38, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
b Federal Scientific Agroengineering Center VIM, 1st Institutsky proezd, 5, Moscow, 109428, Russian Federation
c Institute of Nuclear Physics, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, pos. Ulugbek, Tashkent, 702132, Republic of Usbekistan

The review presents both new theoretical and practical results of the application of modern physical methods and technologies in agriculture. Physical technologies and materials for passive management of the solar spectrum in greenhouses are considered. A review of the instrumentation used for laser remote sensing of agro- and biosystems and modern laser express technologies used for express analysis of the chemical composition of a substance is carried out. Optical methods used in biological and agricultural diagnostics, including methods based on Mueller polarimetry, are described in detail. A separate chapter of the review is devoted to the production and application of nano-sized objects in agriculture and the food industry. The use of numerous plasma technologies in agriculture is considered.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2023.09.039577
Keywords: physical technologies, agriculture, nanoparticles, photoconversion materials, hyperspectral imaging, lidar, spectroscopy, plasma, composite materials
PACS: 42.62.−b, 42.68.Wt, 52.77.−j (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2023.09.039577
Citation: Gudkov S V, Sarimov R M, Astashev M E, Pishchalnikov R Yu, Yanykin D V, Simakin A V, Shkirin A V, Serov D A, Konchekov E M, Gusein-zade Namik Guseynaga ogly, Lednev V N, Grishin M Ya, Sdvizhenskii P A, Pershin S M, Bunkin A F, Ashurov M Kh, Aksenov A G, Chilingaryan N O, Smirnov I G, Pavkin D Yu, Hort D O "Modern physical methods and technologies in agriculture" Phys. Usp. 67 194–210 (2024)
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Received: 10th, August 2023, revised: 25th, September 2023, 28th, September 2023

Оригинал: Гудков С В, Саримов Р М, Асташев М Е, Пищальников Р Ю, Яныкин Д В, Симакин А В, Шкирин А В, Серов Д А, Кончеков Е М, Гусейн-заде Намик Гусейнага оглы, Леднев В Н, Гришин М Я, Сдвиженский П А, Першин С М, Бункин А Ф, Ашуров М Х, Аксенов А Г, Чилингарян Н О, Смирнов И Г, Павкин Д Ю, Хорт Д О, Московский М «Современные физические методы и технологии в сельском хозяйстве» УФН 194 208–226 (2024); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2023.09.039577

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