Physics of our days

Uncertainties in comparing a human and an android robot

Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institutskaya str. 3, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290, Russian Federation

It is shown that one of the significant results of human creativity in the 21st century has been the creation of android robots equipped with artificial intelligence. The level of perfection of these robots is becoming so high that it will soon be impossible to establish differences between them and living people by their external features and behavior. This leads to a logical fallacy: to equate humans and android robots, assuming that both have consciousness. Today, scientific research has expanded the understanding of the phenomenon of consciousness, but problems with its definition have not disappeared. The article provides evidence that the application of the term consciousness to android robots is a mistake that can lead to serious consequences.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2022.12.039299
Keywords: virtual models, bioevolution, value of information, hormones and emotions, artificial intelligence systems, android robots
PACS: 07.05.Mh, 87.18.−h, 87.85.St (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2022.12.039299
Citation: Ivanitskii G R "Uncertainties in comparing a human and an android robot" Phys. Usp. 66 818–845 (2023)
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Received: 11th, May 2022, revised: 5th, December 2022, 17th, December 2022

Оригинал: Иваницкий Г Р «Неопределённости сравнения человека и андроидного робота» УФН 193 872–901 (2023); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2022.12.039299

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