Reviews of topical problems

Giant dipole resonance of atomic nuclei. Prediction, discovery, and research

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Department of Physics, Leninskie Gory 1 build. 2, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

Three quarters of a century ago, in his paper "Quadrupole and dipole γ-emission from nuclei," [J. Phys. USSR 8 331 (1944); Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 15 81 (1945)] A.B. Migdal introduced the concept of quantum collective excitation modes into nuclear physics, thereby predicting the phenomenon of giant dipole resonance (GDR). GDR research has had an enormous influence on the formation of modern concepts relating to the dynamics of nuclei. We briefly discuss Migdal's paper and trace the history of theoretical and experimental studies of GDR. New forms of GDR and analogues of GDR in nonnuclear microsystems are mentioned.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2020.02.038725
Keywords: giant dipole resonance, collective excitation modes, photonuclear reactions, nuclear physics
PACS: 01.65.+g, 24.30.Cz, 25.20.−x (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2020.02.038725
Citation: Ishkhanov B S, Kapitonov I M "Giant dipole resonance of atomic nuclei. Prediction, discovery, and research" Phys. Usp. 64 141–156 (2021)
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Received: 25th, December 2019, revised: 27th, January 2020, 4th, February 2020

Оригинал: Ишханов Б С, Капитонов И М «Гигантский дипольный резонанс атомных ядер. Предсказание, открытие и исследование» УФН 191 147–162 (2021); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2020.02.038725

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