Spectroscopy of electron—phonon interaction of superconducting point contacts: experimental aspects
N.L. Bobrov B.Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, prosp. Lenina 47, Kharkov, 61103, Ukraine
The recovering procedure of the electron—phonon interaction (EPI) functions from the additional nonlinearities of the current-voltage curve (I—V curve) of point contacts associated with an excess current is considered. The approach proposed takes into account both inelastic scattering, which causes suppression of the excess current in the reabsorption of nonequilibrium phonons by electrons undergoing Andreev reflection (Andreev electrons), and elastic processes associated with the electron—phonon renormalization of the energy spectrum in a superconductor. The results obtained are systematically expounded for both the ballistic contacts, wherein the second derivatives of the I—V curve in the normal state are proportional to the EPI functions, and inhomogeneous contacts (with dirty constrictions and clean banks), whose second derivatives in the normal state are either free of phonon singularities or weakly pronounced.
Keywords: Yanson point-contact spectroscopy, electron—phonon coupling, superconductivity, energy gap, excess current PACS:73.40.Jn, 74.25.Kc, 74.45.+c, 74.50.+r (all) DOI:10.3367/UFNe.2019.11.038693 URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2020/11/b/ Citation: Bobrov N L "Spectroscopy of electron—phonon interaction of superconducting point contacts: experimental aspects" Phys. Usp.63 1072–1091 (2020)