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Water in the Solar system

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Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Profsoyuznaya 84/32, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

Over the past half century, numerous research space missions have been launched to explore various objects in the Solar system, primarily to find surface or subsurface water or water ice (in particular, to discover extraterrestrial oceans or their traces and to study their evolution in the light of Earth's hydrospheric history). This paper briefly reviews the subject with an emphasis on the terrestrial planets to find out why is it that while liquid water oceans once formed and still exist on the Earth, the surfaces of other planets turned into arid deserts. Also reviewed are issues related to the origin and observation of water ice in the outer part of the Solar system. A list of important problems related to the origin and distribution of water in the Solar system is presented.

Text can be downloaded in Russian. English translation is available here.
Keywords: water, water ice, oceans, Solar system, terrestrial planets, giant planets and their moons
PACS: 96.12.−a, 96.20.−n, 96.30.−t (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2017.04.038277
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2018/8/f/
Citation: Litvak M L, Sanin A B "Water in the Solar system" Phys. Usp. 61 779–792 (2018)
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Received: 11th, January 2018, 19th, April 2017

Оригинал: Литвак М Л, Санин А Б «Вода в Солнечной системе» УФН 188 865–880 (2018); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2017.04.038277

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