On the 60th anniversary of the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. On the 100th anniversary of the birth G.I. Budker

Multiple-mirror trap: a path from Budker magnetic mirrors to linear fusion reactor

 a, b,  a, c
a Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prosp. akad. Lavrenteva 11, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
b Department of Physics, Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
c Novosibirsk State University, ul. Pirogova 2, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation

This review is focused on multiple-mirror traps for high-temperature plasma confinement that were proposed by Budker, Mirnov and Ryutov and independently by Logan, Lichtenberg and Lieberman in the early 1970s. The proposed magnetic system solved problems with the kinetic instabilities of classical open traps and significantly increased the plasma lifetime. The history, achievements and prospects of the field are discussed.

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Keywords: G.I. Budker, plasma, multiple-mirror trap, GOL3, fusion reactor
PACS: 28.52.Av, 52.50.Gj, 52.55.Jd (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2018.03.038342
Citation: Burdakov A V, Postupaev V V "Multiple-mirror trap: a path from Budker magnetic mirrors to linear fusion reactor" Phys. Usp. 61 582–600 (2018)
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Received: 15th, January 2018, revised: 1st, March 2018, 1st, March 2018

Оригинал: Бурдаков А В, Поступаев В В «Многопробочная ловушка: путь от пробкотрона Будкера к линейному термоядерному реактору» УФН 188 651–671 (2018); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2018.03.038342

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