On the 60th anniversary of the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. On the 100th anniversary of the birth G.I. Budker
The fast processes investigation by X-ray diffraction methods in the Siberian Center of Synchrotron and Terahertz Radiation
L.I. Shekhtmana aBudker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prosp. akad. Lavrenteva 11, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation bLavrentyev Institute of Hydrodynamics of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prosp. Akademika Lavrent'eva, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation cInstitute of Solid State Chemistry, Urals Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Pervomayskaya 91, Ekaterinburg, 620219, Russian Federation
A unique instrumentation complex including wigglers, X-ray position sensitive detectors, diffractometers, and explosion chambers and
enabling a 73 ps X-ray diffraction time resolution (exposure time) has been developed at the "Siberian Center of Synchrotron and
Terahertz Radiation", a research collaboration operating at the G. I. Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS. A number of
techniques have been developed and implemented with which the investigation with nanosecond resolution of the nucleation and
growth dynamics became for the first time possible for diamond and metal nanoparticles under explosion and shock wave conditions.
Stress determination in rapidly laser heated metals; studies with millisecond resolution of the structural transformation dynamics of
chemical reactions; the kinetics investigation of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis; and obtaining information on the state of
catalysts are also among the new possibilities developed.
Keywords: synchrotron radiation, X-ray detectors, time resolution, nanoseconds, detonation, shock waves, Relay±Taylor instability, solid state chemical reactions, self-propagating high-temperature synthesis Ð SHS, nanoparticles, phase transitions, liquid metals, stresses in metals, fast laser heating PACS:07.85.−m DOI:10.3367/UFNe.2018.01.038339 URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2018/6/a/ Citation: Aul’chenko V M, Zhulanov V V, Kulipanov G N, Ten K A, Tolochko B P, Shekhtman L I "The fast processes investigation by X-ray diffraction methods in the Siberian Center of Synchrotron and Terahertz Radiation" Phys. Usp.61 515–530 (2018)