Issues

 / 

2017

 / 

September

  

Conferences and symposia


Nontraditional phase transitions in liquid crystals


L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region, Russian Federation

According to classical textbooks on thermodynamics or statistical physics, there are only two types of phase transitions—continuous, or second-order phase transitions in which the latent heat L is zero, and the first-order phase transitions in which L ≠ 0. Present day textbooks and monographs also mention yet another, stand-alone type—the Berezinskii—Kosterlitz—Thouless transition, which is relevant only in two dimensions and which shares some features with the former two. This paper discusses examples of nontraditional thermodynamic behavior (i.e., which is inconsistent with the theoretical phase transition paradigm now universally accepted). For phase transitions in smectic liquid crystals, mechanisms for nonconventional behavior are proposed and predictions they imply are examined.

Fulltext is available at IOP
Keywords: fluctuations, phase transitions, liquid crystals
PACS: 61.30.Dk, 61.30.Gd, 64.70.M− (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2016.12.038027
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2017/9/h/
Citation: Kats E I "Nontraditional phase transitions in liquid crystals" Phys. Usp. 60 949–953 (2017)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS)MedlineRefWorks

Received: 4th, January 2017, 21st, December 2016

Оригинал: Кац Е И «Нетрадиционные фазовые переходы в жидких кристаллах» УФН 187 1022–1027 (2017); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2016.12.038027

References (36) ↓ Cited by (2) Similar articles (20)

  1. Landau L D, Lifshits E M Statisticheskaya Fizika Vol. 1 (M.: Nauka, 1976); Per. na angl. yaz., Landau L D, Lifshitz E M Statistical Physics Vol. 1 (New York: Pergamon Press, 1980)
  2. Wilson K G, Kogut J Phys. Rep. 12 75 (1974)
  3. Patashinskii A 3, Pokrovskii V L Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 46 994 (1964); Patashinskii A Z, Pokrovskii V L Sov. Phys. JETP 19 677 (1964)
  4. Patashinskii A 3, Pokrovskii V L Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 50 439 (1966); Patashinskii A Z, Pokrovskii V L Sov. Phys. JETP 23 292 (1966)
  5. Patashinskii A 3, Pokrovskii V L Usp. Fiz. Nauk 121 55 (1977); Patashinskii A Z, Pokrovskii V L Sov. Phys. Usp. 20 31 (1977)
  6. Patashinskii A Z, Pokrovskii V L Fluctuation Theory Of Phase Transitions (Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1979)
  7. Stanley H E Introduction To Phase Transitions And Critical Phenomena (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1987)
  8. Anisimov M A Critical Phenomena In Liquids And Liquid Crystals (Philadelphia: Gordon and Breach, 1991)
  9. Anisimov M A Van Der Waals J D, Ph.D. Thesis (Leiden: Leiden Univ., 1873)
  10. de Gennes P G, Prost J The Physics Of Liquid Crystals (Oxford: Claredon Press, 1993)
  11. Chaikin P M, Lubensky T C Principles Of Condensed Matter Physics (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000)
  12. Kats E I, Lebedev V V Fluctuational Effects In The Dynamics Of Liquid Crystals (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1994)
  13. Kats E I, Lebedev V V Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 90 111 (1986); Kats E I, Lebedev V V Sov. Phys. JETP 63 63 (1986)
  14. Pindak R et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 46 1135 (1981)
  15. Brock J D et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 57 98 (1986)
  16. Lyuksutov I F, Naumovets A G, Pokrovskii V L Dvumernye Kristally (Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1988); Per. na angl. yaz., Lyuksyutov I, Naumovets A G, Pokrovsky V Two-Dimensional Crystals (Boston: Academic Press, 1992)
  17. Fortov V E i dr. Usp. Fiz. Nauk 174 495 (2004); Fortov V E et al. Phys. Usp. 47 447 (2004)
  18. Klumov B A Usp. Fiz. Nauk 180 1095 (2010); Klumov B A Phys. Usp. 53 1053 (2010)
  19. Tsytovich V N Usp. Fiz. Nauk 185 161 (2015); Tsytovich V N Phys. Usp. 58 150 (2015)
  20. Petrov O F et al. Europhys. Lett. 111 45002 (2015)
  21. Nagle J F, Tristram-Nagle S Biochim. Bophys. Acta BBA Rev. Biomembran. 1469 159 (2000)
  22. Marrink S J, Risselada J, Mark A E Chem. Phys. Lipids 135 223 (2005)
  23. Gurovich E V, Kats E I, Lebedev V V Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 100 855 (1991); Gurovich E V, Kats E I, Lebedev V V Sov. Phys. JETP 73 473 (1991)
  24. Pelissetto A, Vicari E Phys. Rep. 368 549 (2002)
  25. Huang C C et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 46 1289 (1981)
  26. Stoebe T et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 69 2090 (1992)
  27. Haga H et al. Phys. Rev. E 56 1808 (1997)
  28. Van Roie B et al. Eur. Phys. J. E 16 361 (2005)
  29. Mercuri F et al. J. Chem. Phys. 138 074903 (2013)
  30. de Jeu W H, Ostrovskii B I, Shalaginov A N Rev. Mod. Phys. 75 181 (2003)
  31. Zaluzhnyy I A et al. Phys. Rev. E 91 042506 (2015)
  32. Zaluzhnyy I A et al. Phys. Rev. E 94 030701(R) (2016)
  33. Kats E I, Lebedev V V, Muratov A R Phys. Rev. E 93 062707 (2016)
  34. Landau L D Phys. Z. Sowjetunion 11 26 (1937); Landau L D Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 7 19 (1937)
  35. Brazovskii S A Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 68 175 (1975); Brazovskii S A Sov. Phys. JETP 41 85 (1975)
  36. Kats E I, Lebedev V V, Muratov A R Phys. Rep. 228 1 (1993)

© 1918–2022 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk
Email: ufn@ufn.ru Editorial office contacts About the journal Terms and conditions