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The first detections of gravitational waves emitted from binary black hole mergers


California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration carried out the inaugural 'O1' observing run from September 12, 2015 through January 19, 2016 using the newly commissioned Advanced LIGO interferometers located in Hanford, WA and Livingston, LA. During the O1 run and the O2 run currently underway, three definitive detections of gravitational waves occurred, each produced during the mergers of binary stellar mass black hole system. A fourth candidate gravitational-wave event was identified, also likely produced from a binary black hole merger. The detected gravitational waveforms allow for the inference of the intrinsic astrophysical parameters of the merging binary systems as well as the resulting black hole produced by the mergers. The first detect detections of gravitational waves confirm the existence of binary black hole systems, and have profound implications for astrophysics using gravitational waves as a new and powerful probe of the universe.

Text can be downloaded in Russian. English translation is available here.
Keywords: gravitational waves, the general theory of relativity, laser interferometers, direct detection of gravitational waves, Advanced LIGO, Virgo
PACS: 04.25.dg, 04.30.−w, 04.80.Nn, 95.55.Ym (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2016.11.038176
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2017/8/f/
Citation: Reitze D H "The first detections of gravitational waves emitted from binary black hole mergers" Phys. Usp. 60 823–829 (2017)
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Received: 7th, July 2017, 2nd, November 2016

Оригинал: Райтце Д «Первые детектирования гравитационных волн, излучаемых при слияниях двойных чёрных дыр» УФН 187 884–891 (2017); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2016.11.038176

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