On the 70th anniversary of the Alikhanov Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics
ITEP's achievements in astrophysics
A.V. Yudina aRussian Federation State Scientific Center ‘A.I. Alikhanov Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics’, ul. Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya 25, Moscow, 117259, Russian Federation bLomonosov Moscow State University, Shternberg State Astronomical Institute, Universitetskii prosp. 13, Moscow, 119889, Russian Federation cNovosibirsk State University, ul. Pirogova 2, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
Astrophysical research at the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) is examined historically over a period of more than 30 years. The primary focus is on the supernova problem, starting with how it was approached in the classical pioneering work of V.S. Imshennik and D.K.’Nadyozhin and ending with the present-day models of these most powerful star explosions in the Universe. The paper also reviews work from other areas of astrophysics, including chemical nucleosynthesis, the cosmological use of IIn supernovas, dark matter models, etc. The paper was written as a contribution to the 70th anniversary of ITEP.