Issues

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2016

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August

  

Reviews of topical problems


Solar photovoltaics: current state and trends

 a,  a,  a, b,  a,  a,  a,  a,  a
a St.Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, ul. Sablinskaya14, St.Petersburg, 197101, Russian Federation
b St.Petersburg Academic University Nanotechnology Research and Education Centre of the Russian Academy of Science, ul. Khlopina 8/3, lit. A, St. Petersburg, 194021, Russian Federation

Basic aspects of current solar photovoltaics (PV) are reviewed, starting from the recently developed already-on-the-market first-generation solar cells and ending with promising but not yet commercialized third-generation cells and materials possibly leading to new cell designs. The emphasis is on the physical principles of various solar cells which are divided into several groups according to our classification scheme. To make the picture complete, some technological and economic aspects of the field are discussed. A separate chapter considers antireflection coatings and light-trapping devices — structures which, while have not yet appeared in the PV review literature, are an integral part of the solar cell field.

Text can be downloaded in Russian. English translation is available here.
Keywords: solar energy, photovoltaics, solar cells of three generations, organic and inorganic solar cells, commercial photovoltaics, perovskites, light-trapping structure
PACS: 42.25.Bs, 42.79.Wc, 61.46.−w, 71.20.Nr, 71.20.Rv, 72.40.+w, 72.80.Cw, 84.60.Jt (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2016.02.037703
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2016/8/a/
Citation: Milichko V A, Shalin A S, Mukhin I S, Kovrov A E, Krasilin A A, Vinogradov A V, Belov P A, Simovskii C R "Solar photovoltaics: current state and trends" Phys. Usp. 59 727–772 (2016)
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Received: 27th, January 2016, 2nd, February 2016

:   ,   ,   ,   ,   ,   ,   ,    « : » 186 801–852 (2016); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2016.02.037703

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