Spectroscopy of cold rubidium Rydberg atoms for applications in quantum information
E.A. Yakshinaa,b aRzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prosp. Lavrent'eva 13, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation bNovosibirsk State University, ul. Pirogova 2, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
Atoms in highly excited (Rydberg) states have a number of unique properties which make them attractive for applications in quantum information. These are large dipole moments, lifetimes and polarizabilities, as well as strong long-range interactions between Rydberg atoms. Experimental methods of laser cooling and precision spectroscopy enable to trap and manipulate single Rydberg atoms, and to apply them for practical implementation of quantum gates over qubits of a quantum computer based on single neutral atoms in optical traps. In this paper, we give a review of the experimental and theoretical works performed by the authors at the Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics SB RAS and Novosibirsk State University on laser and microwave spectroscopy of cold Rb Rydberg atoms in a magneto-optical trap and on their possible applications in quantum information. We also give a brief review of the works of the other groups on this subject.
Keywords: Rydberg atoms, laser cooling, spectroscopy, quantum information, qubits PACS:03.67.Lx, 32.70.Jz, 32.80.−t, 32.80.Ee, 32.80.Rm (all) DOI:10.3367/UFNe.0186.201602k.0206 URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2016/2/k/ Citation: Ryabtsev I I, Beterov I I, Tretyakov D B, Entin V M, Yakshina E A "Spectroscopy of cold rubidium Rydberg atoms for applications in quantum information" Phys. Usp.59 196–208 (2016)