100th anniversary of the birth of Ya.B. Zeldovich

Ya.B. Zeldovich and equation of state problems for matter under extreme conditions

 a,  b, c
a Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii prosp. 14, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
b Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region, Russian Federation
c Tomsk State University, prosp. Lenina 36, Tomsk, 634050, Russian Federation

In the amazing range of Yakov Borisovich Zeldovich’s research interests — from general problems of chemical physics, kinetics, combustion, detonation, and shock waves to elementary particles and cosmology — the physics of matter under extreme conditions occupies a special position. This paper reviews some of Ya.B.’s work on shock waves and equations of state of matter. Among Ya.B.’s basic ideas are the use of shock data to develop thermodynamically complete equations of state; shock compression of porous matter; and the adiabatic expansion of shock-compressed materials. The widespread use and development of these ideas as tools for extreme conditions studies are illustrated with examples.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0184.201403b.0231
PACS: 01.60.+q, 62.50.−p, 64.10.+h, 64.30.−t, 65.40.−b (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0184.201403b.0231
Citation: Fortov V E, Lomonosov I V "Ya.B. Zeldovich and equation of state problems for matter under extreme conditions" Phys. Usp. 57 219–233 (2014)
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Received: 22nd, November 2013, revised: 23rd, December 2013, 5th, December 2013

Оригинал: Фортов В Е, Ломоносов И В «Я.Б. Зельдович и проблемы уравнений состояния вещества в экстремальных условиях» УФН 184 231–245 (2014); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0184.201403b.0231

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