Issues

 / 

2014

 / 

January

  

Reviews of topical problems


Long-term dynamic structural memory in water: can it exist?

, ,
Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institutskaya str. 3, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290, Russian Federation

There is no experimental evidence to support the hypothesis that water retains a memory of mechanical, magnetic and electromagnetic influences it has been exposed to and of substances it has dissolved. After its solutes have been fully removed by repeated dilutions, the water does not remember of having contained them or of the external physical influences exerted upon it. There is no arguable reason that water should have a molecular information matrix capable of serving as a long-term memory.

Text can be downloaded in Russian. English translation is available here.
PACS: 07.57.−c, 61.20.−p, 65.20.−w, 83.10.Mj, 89.70.Cf (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0184.201401b.0043
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2014/1/b/
Citation: Ivanitskii G R, Deev A A, Khizhnyak E P "Long-term dynamic structural memory in water: can it exist?" Phys. Usp. 57 37–65 (2014)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS)MedlineRefWorks

Received: 25th, April 2013, revised: 30th, July 2013, 2nd, August 2013

Оригинал: Иваницкий Г Р, Деев А А, Хижняк Е П «Может ли существовать долговременная структурно-динамическая память воды?» УФН 184 43–74 (2014); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0184.201401b.0043

References (187) ↓ Cited by (11) Similar articles (20)

  1. Smoluchowski M Vorträge über Kinetische Theorie Der Materie Und Der Elektrizität (Mathematische Vorlesungen an der Universität Göttingen) Vol. 6 (Leipzig: B.G. Teubner, 1914) p. 87; Smolukhovskii M Usp. Fiz. Nauk 93 724 (1967)
  2. Lightfoot E N Transport Phenomena And Living Systems; Biomedical Aspects Of Momentum And Mass Transport (New York: Wiley, 1974); Laitfut E Yavleniya Perenosa v Zhivykh Sistemakh: Biomeditsinskie Aspekty Perenosa Kolichestva Dvizheniya i Massy (M.: Mir, 1977)
  3. Ivanitskii G R Usp. Fiz. Nauk 180 337 (2010); Ivanitskii G R Phys. Usp. 53 327 (2010)
  4. Shlesinger M F, Zaslavsky G M, Klafter J Nature 363 31 (1993)
  5. Shinbrot T et al. Nature 363 411 (1993)
  6. Smoluchowski M Phys. Z. 17 557 (1916)
  7. Debye D Trans. Electrochem. Soc. 82 265 (1942)
  8. Koch A L Biochim. Biophys. Acta 39 311 (1960)
  9. Noyes R M Prog. React. Kinet. 1 129 (1961)
  10. Adam G, Delbruk M Structural Chemistry And Molecular Biology (Eds A Rich, N Davidson) (San Francisco, Calif.: W.H. Freeman, 1968) p. 198
  11. Berg H C, Purcell E M Biophys. J. 20 193 (1977)
  12. Guorhi Z Sci. Sinica. 22 846 (1979)
  13. Richter P H, Eigen M Biophys. Chem. 2 255 (1974)
  14. Einstein A Ann. Physik 322 549 (1905); Einshtein A Einshtein A, Smolukhovskii M. Brounovskoe Dvizhenie (Pod red. B I Davydova) (M. - L.: ONTI, 1936)
  15. Perrin J Atoms (New York: D. Van Nostrand Co., 1916); Perren Zh Atomy (Sovremennye problemy estestvoznaniya) Vol. 20 (Pod obshch. red. A D Arkhangel’skogo i dr.) (M.: Gos. izd-vo, 1924)
  16. Matthews B W J. Mol. Biol. 33 491 (1968)
  17. Geiger A, Stillinger F H, Rahman A J. Chem. Phys. 70 4185 (1979)
  18. Eisenberg D, Kauzmann W The Structure And Properties Of Water (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1969)
  19. Teixeira J Homeopathy 96 158 (2007)
  20. Davenas E et al. Nature 333 816 (1988)
  21. Maddox J, Randi J, Stewart W W Nature 334 287 (1988)
  22. Coles P Nature 334 372 (1988)
  23. Pollack G H The Fourth Phase Of Water: Beyond Solid, Liquid, And Vapor (Seattle, WA: Ebner and Sons, 2013)
  24. Hirst S J et al. Nature 366 525 (1993)
  25. Josephson V D "Molecule memories" New Scientist (2106) 66 (1997)
  26. Benveniste J et al. FASEB J. 13 (1) 33 (2000)
  27. Jonas Wayne B et al. FASEB J. 20 (1) 23 (2006)
  28. Ovelgönne J H et al. Experientia 48 504 (1992)
  29. Belon P et al. Inflammation Res. 48 (Suppl. 1) 17 - 18 (1999)
  30. Gliozzi M Storia Della Fisica (Torino, 1965); L’otstsi M Istoriya Fiziki (M.: Mir, 1970)
  31. Brillouin L Scientific Uncertainty And Information (New York: Academic Press, 1964); Brillouin L Science And Information Theory (New York: Academic Press, 1956); Brillyuen L Nauka i Teoriya Informatsii (M.: Fizmatgiz, 1960)
  32. Chernavskii D S Usp. Fiz. Nauk 170 157 (2000); Chernavskii D S Phys. Usp. 43 151 (2000)
  33. Shennon K Raboty Po Teorii Informatsii i Kibernetike (M.: IL, 1963)
  34. Bal’makov M D Usp. Fiz. Nauk 169 1273 (1999); Bal’makov M D Phys. Usp. 42 1167 (1999)
  35. Le Chatelier H Leçons Sur Le Carbone, La Combustion, Les Lois Chimiques (Paris: J. Hermann, 1926) p. 357
  36. Atkins P W The Elements Of Physical Chemistry (New York: W.H. Freeman, 1993)
  37. Bohr N Atomic Physics And Human Knowledge (New York: John Wiley, 1958); Bor N Atomnaya Fizika i Chelovecheskoe Poznanie (M.: IL, 1961); Bor N Modelirovanie v Biologii (Pod red. N A Bernshteina) (M.: IL, 1963) p. 27, Perevod glavy "Kvantovaya mekhanika i biologiya" s nebol’shimi sokrashcheniyami
  38. Horsthemke W, Lefever R Noise-Induced Transitions (Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1984); Khorstkhemke V, Lefevr R Indutsirovannye Shumom Perekhody (M.: Mir, 1987)
  39. Sobolev S L Usp. Fiz. Nauk 161 (3) 5 (1991); Sobolev S L Sov. Phys. Usp. 34 217 (1991)
  40. Monin A S Usp. Fiz. Nauk 109 333 (1973); Monin A S Sov. Phys. Usp. 16 121 (1973)
  41. Monin A S Usp. Fiz. Nauk 125 97 (1978); Monin A S Sov. Phys. Usp. 21 429 (1978)
  42. Monin A S, Zhikharev G M Usp. Fiz. Nauk 160 (5) 1 (1990); Monin A S, Zhikharev G M Sov. Phys. Usp. 33 313 (1990)
  43. Bershadskii A G Usp. Fiz. Nauk 160 (12) 189 (1990); Bershadskii A G Sov. Phys. Usp. 33 1073 (1990)
  44. Koshel’ K V, Prants S V Usp. Fiz. Nauk 176 1177 (2006); Koshel K V, Prants S V Phys. Usp. 49 1151 (2006)
  45. Petnikov V G, Stromkov A A Usp. Fiz. Nauk 181 1217 (2011); Petnikov V G, Stromkov A A Phys. Usp. 54 1176 (2011)
  46. Luchinin A G, Khil’ko A I Usp. Fiz. Nauk 181 1222 (2011); Luchinin A G, Khil’ko A I Phys. Usp. 54 1181 (2011)
  47. Ingel’ L Kh, Kalashnik M V Usp. Fiz. Nauk 182 379 (2012); Ingel L Kh, Kalashnik M V Phys. Usp. 55 356 (2012)
  48. Frumkin A N Usp. Fiz. Nauk 4 172 (1924)
  49. Langmuir I Chem. Rev. 13 147 (1933); Lengmyur I Usp. Fiz. Nauk 14 208 (1934)
  50. Freundlich H Ergebnisse Der Exakten Naturwissenschaften Vol. 12 (Berlin: Verlag von J. Springer, 1933) p. 82; Freindlikh G Usp. Fiz. Nauk 14 742 (1934)
  51. Schaefer V J Am. Scientist 59 534 (1971); Shefer V Usp. Fiz. Nauk 108 577 (1972)
  52. Bogomolov V N Usp. Fiz. Nauk 124 171 (1978); Bogomolov V N Sov. Phys. Usp. 21 77 (1978)
  53. Getling A V Usp. Fiz. Nauk 161 (9) 1 (1991); Getling A V Sov. Phys. Usp. 34 737 (1991)
  54. Volobuev A N Usp. Fiz. Nauk 165 177 (1995); Volobuev A N Phys. Usp. 38 169 (1995)
  55. Stoilov Yu Yu Usp. Fiz. Nauk 170 41 (2000); Stoilov Yu Yu Phys. Usp. 43 39 (2000)
  56. Kuni F M, Shchekin A K, Grinin A P Usp. Fiz. Nauk 171 345 (2001); Kuni F M, Shchekin A K, Grinin A P Phys. Usp. 44 331 (2001)
  57. Vanag V K Usp. Fiz. Nauk 174 991 (2004); Vanag V K Phys. Usp. 47 923 (2004)
  58. Tarasevich Yu Yu Usp. Fiz. Nauk 174 779 (2004); Tarasevich Yu Yu Phys. Usp. 47 717 (2004)
  59. Prokhorov A M (Gl. red.) Fizicheskii Entsiklopedicheskii Slovar’ (M: Sov. entsiklopediya, 1983) p. 633
  60. Ivanitskii G R, Deev A A, Khizhnyak E P Usp. Fiz. Nauk 175 1207 (2005); Ivanitskii G R, Deev A A, Khizhnyak E P Phys. Usp. 48 1151 (2005)
  61. Ivanitskii G R, Vorob’ev S I Vestnik RAN 67 998 (1997); Ivanitskii G R, Vorob’ev S I Herald Russ. Acad. Sci. 67 452 (1997)
  62. Newton I Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Londini: Jussu Societatis Regiae, 1687); Newton I The Principia: Mathematical Principles Of Natural Philosophy (Berkeley, Calif.: Univ. of California Press, 1999); N’yuton I Matematicheskie Nachala Natural’noi Filosofii (M.: Nauka, 1989)
  63. Stokes G G Mathematical And Physical Papers (Cambridge: Univ. Press, 1880 - 1905)
  64. Fabelinskii I L Usp. Fiz. Nauk 167 721 (1997); Fabelinskii I L Phys. Usp. 40 689 (1997)
  65. Pollard A M, Heron C Archaeological Chemistry 2nd ed. (Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry, 2008) p. 346, Ch. 10
  66. Aranson I S Usp. Fiz. Nauk 183 87 (2013); Aranson I S Phys. Usp. 56 79 (2013)
  67. Tarakhovskii Yu S, Ivanitskii G R Biokhimiya 63 723 (1998); Tarahovsky Y S, Ivanitsky G R Biochemistry 63 607 (1998)
  68. Betyaev S K Usp. Fiz. Nauk 165 299 (1995); Betyaev S K Phys. Usp. 38 287 (1995)
  69. Aschoff J (Ed.) Biological Rhythms (New York: Plenum Press, 1981); Ashoff Yu (Red.) Biologicheskie Ritmy Vol. 2 (M.: Mir, 1984)
  70. Molchanov M V, Kutyshenko V P, Budantsev A Yu, Ivanitskii G R Dokl. Ross. Akad. Nauk 442 828 (2012); Molchanov M V, Kutyshenko V P, Budantsev A Yu, Ivanitsky G R Dokl. Biochem. Biophys. 442 52 (2012)
  71. Winterton R H S Contemp. Phys. 11 559 (1970); Uinterton R Usp. Fiz. Nauk 105 307 (1971)
  72. Betyaev S K Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 257 1310 (1981); Betyaev S K Sov. Phys. Dokl. 26 359 (1981)
  73. Nikol’skii A A Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 116 193 (1957)
  74. Nikol’skii A A Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 116 365 (1957)
  75. Nikol’skii A A, Betyaev S K, Malyshev I P Problemy Prikladnoi Matematiki i Mekhaniki (M.: Nauka, 1971) p. 262
  76. Bénard H Rev. Générale Sci. Pures Appl. 11 1261 (1900); Bénard H Rev. Générale Sci. Pures Appl. 11 1309 (1900)
  77. Rayleigh, Lord Philos. Mag. 32 529 (1916)
  78. Rayleigh, Lord Proc. R. Soc. London A 93 148 (1916)
  79. Marangoni C Sull’espansione Delle Gocce Di Un Liquido Gallegianti Sulla Superficie Di Altro Liquido (Pavia: Tipografia dei fratelli Fusi, 1865)
  80. Welander P Tellus 16 349 (1964)
  81. Ingel’ L Kh Usp. Fiz. Nauk 167 779 (1997); Ingel’ L Kh Phys. Usp. 40 741 (1997)
  82. Ingel’ L Kh Usp. Fiz. Nauk 168 104 (1998); Ingel’ L Kh Phys. Usp. 41 95 (1998)
  83. Ingel’ L Kh Usp. Fiz. Nauk 172 691 (2002); Ingel’ L Kh Phys. Usp. 45 637 (2002)
  84. Han C S, Jablonski P G J. Ecol. Field Biol. 31 1 (2008)
  85. Harnwell G P Am. J. Phys. 16 127 (1948); Garnvell G P Usp. Fiz. Nauk 36 528 (1948)
  86. Deryagin B V Usp. Fiz. Nauk 100 726 (1970); Deryagin B V Sov. Phys. Usp. 13 305 (1970)
  87. Deryagin B V Izv. AN SSSR Ser. khim. (10) 2178 (1967)
  88. Ginzburg V L Usp. Fiz. Nauk 103 87 (1971); Ginzburg V L Sov. Phys. Usp. 14 21 (1971)
  89. Deryagin B V, Fedyakin N N Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 147 403 (1962)
  90. Deryagin B V, Fedyakin N N Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 182 1300 (1968)
  91. Deryagin B V Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 187 605 (1969)
  92. Lippincott E R et al. Science 164 1482 (1969)
  93. Middlehurst J, Fisher L R Nature 227 57 (1970)
  94. Leiga A G, Vance D W, Ward A T Science 168 114 (1970)
  95. Kurtin S L et al. Science 167 1720 (1970)
  96. Rousseau D L, Porto S P S Science 167 1715 (1970)
  97. Morariu V V, Mills R, Woolf L A Nature 227 373 (1970)
  98. Rabideau S W, Florin A E Science 169 48 (1970)
  99. Allen L C, Kollman P A Science 167 1443 (1970)
  100. O’Konski C T Science 168 1089 (1970)
  101. Deryagin B V, Churaev N V Usp. Fiz. Nauk 105 179 (1971)
  102. Ginzburg V L Usp. Fiz. Nauk 105 180 (1971)
  103. Bascom W D, Brooks E J, Worthington B N Nature 228 1290 (1970)
  104. Pethica B A, Thompson W K, Pike W T Nature Phys. Sci. 229 21 (1971)
  105. Zakharov S D, Mosyagina I V Materialy nauchnogo Simpoziuma "Mekhanizmy uchastiya vody v bioelektromagnitnykh effektakh" g. Makhachkala, 1 - 7 iyulya 2010 g. (M., 2013) p. 8
  106. Wernet Ph et al. Science 304 995 (2004)
  107. Huang C et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13 19997 (2011)
  108. Smolsky I L et al. J. Appl. Cryst. 40 (Suppl.) s453 (2007)
  109. Mishima O, Calvert L D, Whalley E Nature 314 76 (1985)
  110. Kanno H, Miyata K Chem. Phys. Lett. 422 507 (2006)
  111. Pershin S M Materialy nauchnogo Simpoziuma "Mekhanizmy uchastiya vody v bioelektromagnitnykh effektakh" g. Makhachkala, 1 - 7 iyulya 2010 g. (M., 2013) p. 22
  112. Voloshin V P, Naberukhin Yu I, Malenkov G G Struktura Dinamika Molekulyarnykh Sistem (10A) 12 (2011), Elektronnyi zhurn.; Voloshin V P, Naberukhin Yu I, Malenkov G G http://old.kpfu.ru/sdms/files10/EJ_S&DMS_10A_p12_25.pdf
  113. Bernal J D, Fowler R H J. Chem. Phys. 1 515 (1933); Bernal’ Dzh, Fauler R Usp. Fiz. Nauk 14 586 (1934)
  114. Debye P "Die quasikristalline Struktur von Flüssigkeiten" Der Feste Körper ; Vorträge An Der Tagung Der Physikalischen Gesellschaft Zürich Anlässlich Der Feier Ihres 50jährigen Bestehens (Leipzig: S. Hirzel, 1938); Debai P Usp. Fiz. Nauk 21 120 (1939)
  115. Debye P J W Struktur Der Materie (Leipzig: S. Hirzel, 1933); Debye P J W The Structure Of Matter (Albuquerque: The Univ. of New Mexico, 1934); Debai P Usp. Fiz. Nauk 14 846 (1934)
  116. Debye P Chem. Rev. 19 171 (1936); Debai P Usp. Fiz. Nauk 17 459 (1937)
  117. Maeno N Nauka o L’de (M.: Mir, 1988)
  118. Loerting T, Giovambattista N J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18 R919 (2006)
  119. Salzmann C G et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 105701 (2009)
  120. Smoluchowski M Naturwissenschaften 6 (17) 253 (1918); Smolukhovskii M Usp. Fiz. Nauk 7 329 (1927)
  121. Malenkov G G, Yakovlev S V, Gladkov V A "Voda" Khimicheskaya Entsiklopediya Vol. 1 (Gl. red. I L Knunyants) (M.: Sovetskaya entsiklopediya, 1988) p. 766
  122. Weisskopf V F CERN Courier 9 (10) 295 (1969); Vaiskopf V F Usp. Fiz. Nauk 101 729 (1970)
  123. Langmuir I Chem. Rev. 6 451 (1930); Lengmyur I Usp. Fiz. Nauk 10 463 (1930)
  124. de Boer J Proc. R. Soc. London A 215 4 (1952); de-Bur I Usp. Fiz. Nauk 51 41 (1953)
  125. Bak B V Usp. Fiz. Nauk 15 1002 (1935)
  126. Skripov V P, Sinitsyn E N Usp. Fiz. Nauk 84 727 (1964); Skripov V P, Sinitsyn E N Sov. Phys. Usp. 7 887 (1965)
  127. Nesis E I Usp. Fiz. Nauk 87 615 (1965); Nesis E I Sov. Phys. Usp. 8 883 (1966)
  128. Uhlenbeck G E "Fundamental problems in statistical mechanics" (1968); Ulenbek G Usp. Fiz. Nauk 103 275 (1971)
  129. Frenkel’ Ya I Usp. Fiz. Nauk 16 955 (1936)
  130. Frenkel’ Ya I Usp. Fiz. Nauk 25 1 (1941)
  131. Frenkel’ Ya I Usp. Fiz. Nauk 36 328 (1948)
  132. Frenkel’ Ya I Kineticheskaya Teoriya Zhidkostei (L.: Nauka, 1975); Frenkel J Kinetic Theory Of Liquids (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1946)
  133. Taylor G I Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London A 223 289 (1923)
  134. Sarkisov G N Usp. Fiz. Nauk 176 833 (2006); Sarkisov G N Phys. Usp. 49 809 (2006)
  135. Fabelinskii I L Usp. Fiz. Nauk 117 711 (1975)
  136. Fabelinskii I L Usp. Fiz. Nauk 170 93 (2000); Fabelinskii I L Phys. Usp. 43 89 (2000)
  137. Gaponov-Grekhov A V, Rabinovich M I Usp. Fiz. Nauk 152 159 (1987); Gaponov-Grekhov A V, Rabinovich M I Sov. Phys. Usp. 30 433 (1987)
  138. Rabinovich M I Usp. Fiz. Nauk 125 123 (1978); Rabinovich M I Sov. Phys. Usp. 21 443 (1978)
  139. Ezerskii A B, Rabinovich M I, Sushchik M M Usp. Fiz. Nauk 131 306 (1980)
  140. Rabinovich M I, Sushchik M M Usp. Fiz. Nauk 160 (1) 3 (1990); Rabinovich M I, Sushchik M M Sov. Phys. Usp. 33 1 (1990)
  141. Grappin R, Léorat J Phys. Rev. Lett. 59 1100 (1987)
  142. Kifer Yu I Izv. AN SSSR Ser. matem. 38 1091 (1974); Kifer Ju I Math. USSR Izv. 8 1083 (1974)
  143. Chandrasekhar S, Ranganath G S Adv. Phys. 35 507 (1986)
  144. Obukhov A M Turbulentnost’ i Dinamika Atmosfery (M.: Gidrometeoizdat, 1988)
  145. Pogorelov V E i dr. Usp. Fiz. Nauk 127 683 (1979); Pogorelov V E et al. Sov. Phys. Usp. 22 270 (1979)
  146. Shvirst E M, Krinskii V I, Ivanitskii G R Biofizika 34 649 (1984)
  147. Ivanitsky G R et al. Biology Sov. Rev. D 2 279 (1981)
  148. Busse F H Hydrodynamic Instabilities And The Transition To Turbulence (Topics in Applied Physics) Vol. 45 (Eds H L Swinney, J P Gollub) (Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1981); Busse F G Gidrodinamicheskie Neustoichivosti i Perekhod k Turbulentnosti (Pod red. X Suinni, Dzh Gollaba) (M.: Mir, 1984)
  149. Betchov R, Criminale W O (Jr.) Stability Of Parallel Flows (New York: Academic Press, 1967); Betchov R, Kriminale V Voprosy Gidrodinamicheskoi Ustoichivosti (M.: Mir, 1971)
  150. Helmholtz H Zwei Hydrodynamische Abhandlungen (Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 1896); Gel’mgol’ts G L F Osnovy Vikhrevoi Teorii (M.: IKI, 2002)
  151. Taylor G Proc. R. Soc. London A 201 192 (1950)
  152. Rayleigh (Lord) Proc. London Math. Soc. 14 170 (1882)
  153. Sharp D H Physica D 12 3 (1984)
  154. Labuntsov D A, Yagov V V Mekhanika Dvukhfaznykh Sistem (M.: Izd-vo MEI, 2000) p. 143
  155. Vekshtein G E Fizika Sploshnykh Sred v Zadachakh (M.: In-t komp’yut. issled., 2002) p. 109
  156. Glimm J et al. J. Stat. Phys. 107 241 (2002)
  157. von Helmholtz H "Über discontinuierliche Flüssigkeits-Bewegungen" Monatsber. Königl. Preuß. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 23 215 (1868)
  158. Batchelor G K An Introduction To Fluid Dynamics (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000) p. 470
  159. Eggers J Rev. Mod. Phys. 69 865 (1997)
  160. von Kármán T, Rubach H Phys. Z. 13 49 (1912)
  161. Khizhnyak E P, Ziskin M C Bioelectromagnetics 17 223 (1996)
  162. Valiev K A, Ivanov E N Usp. Fiz. Nauk 109 31 (1973); Valiev K A, Ivanov E N Sov. Phys. Usp. 16 1 (1973)
  163. Forrest D Int. J. Clin. Exp. Hypnosis 50 (4) 295 (2002)
  164. Newman D H Hippocrates’ Shadow: Secrets From The House Of Medicine (New York: Scribner, 2008) p. 134
  165. Rabinovich M I, Myuezinolu M K Usp. Fiz. Nauk 180 371 (2010); Rabinovich M I, Muezzinoglu M K Phys. Usp. 53 357 (2010)
  166. Abarbanel’ G D i dr. Usp. Fiz. Nauk 166 363 (1996); Abarbanel H D et al. Phys. Usp. 39 337 (1996)
  167. Ivanitskii G R, Medvinskii A B, Tsyganov M A Usp. Fiz. Nauk 164 1041 (1994); Ivanitskii G R, Medvinskii A B, Tsyganov M A Phys. Usp. 37 961 (1994)
  168. Borisyuk G N i dr. Usp. Fiz. Nauk 172 1189 (2002); Borisyuk G N et al. Phys. Usp. 45 1073 (2002)
  169. A. Durov v Zhizni i Na Arene (M.: Iskusstvo, 1984)
  170. Gantt W H et al. Conditional Reflex 1 18 (1966)
  171. Gross W B Int. J. Stud. Anim. Prob. 1 147 (1980)
  172. Newton J F, Ehrlich W W Conditional Reflex 1 81 (1966)
  173. Lynch J J et al. Psychophysiology 11 472 (1974)
  174. Hemsworth P H, Brand A, Willems P Livestock Prod. Sci. 8 67 (1981)
  175. Pavlov I P Dvadtsatiletnii Opyt Ob’’ektivnogo Izucheniya Vysshei Nervnoi Deyatel’nosti (povedeniya) Zhivotnykh (M.: Nauka, 1973); Pavlov I P Conditioned Reflexes; An Investigation Of The Physiological Activity Of The Cerebral Cortex (New York: Dover Publ., 1960)
  176. Rajagopal S "The nocebo effect" http://priory.com/medicine/Nocebo.htm
  177. Reutov V P, Shekhter A N Usp. Fiz. Nauk 180 393 (2010); Reutov V P, Schechter A N Phys. Usp. 53 377 (2010)
  178. Ivanitskii G R Usp. Fiz. Nauk 182 1238 (2012); Ivanitskii G R Phys. Usp. 55 1155 (2012)
  179. Kokkotou E et al. Neurogastroent. Motility 22 285 (2010)
  180. Benedetti F et al. J. Neurosci. 25 10390 (2005)
  181. Shapiro A K et al. J. Operational Psychiatry 6 43 (1974)
  182. Benedetti F et al. Pain 75 313 (1998)
  183. Coryell W, Noyes R Am. J. Psychiatry 145 1138 (1988)
  184. Boissel J P et al. Eur. Heart J. 7 1030 (1986)
  185. Traut E F, Passarelli E W Ann. Rheum. Dis. 16 (1) 18 (1957)
  186. Ivanitskii G R Biofizika 46 (1) 5 (2001); Ivanitsky G R Biophysics 46 1 (2001)
  187. Hróbjartsson A, Gøtzsche P C New Engl. J. Med. 344 1594 (2001)

© 1918–2019 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk
Email: ufn@ufn.ru Editorial office contacts About the journal Terms and conditions